OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 19, Iss. 15 — Jul. 18, 2011
  • pp: 14487–14494

Receiver implemented RF pilot tone phase noise mitigation in coherent optical nPSK and nQAM systems

Gunnar Jacobsen, Tianhua Xu, Sergei Popov, Jie Li, Ari T. Friberg, and Yimo Zhang  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 19, Issue 15, pp. 14487-14494 (2011)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.19.014487


View Full Text Article

Acrobat PDF (1149 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

In this paper, a novel method for extracting an RF pilot carrier signal in the coherent receiver is presented. The RF carrier is used to mitigate the phase noise influence in n-level PSK and QAM systems. The performance is compared to the use of an (ideal) optically transmitted RF pilot tone. As expected an electronically generated RF carrier provides less efficient phase noise mitigation than the optical RF. However, the electronically generated RF carrier still improves the phase noise tolerance by about one order of magnitude in bit error rate (BER) compared to using no RF pilot tone. It is also found, as a novel study result, that equalization enhanced phase noise - which appears as correlated pure phase noise, amplitude noise and time jitter - cannot be efficiently mitigated by the use of an (optically or electrically generated) RF pilot tone.

© 2011 OSA

OCIS Codes
(060.1660) Fiber optics and optical communications : Coherent communications
(060.2330) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics communications

ToC Category:
Fiber Optics and Optical Communications

History
Original Manuscript: May 27, 2011
Revised Manuscript: June 21, 2011
Manuscript Accepted: June 22, 2011
Published: July 13, 2011

Citation
Gunnar Jacobsen, Tianhua Xu, Sergei Popov, Jie Li, Ari T. Friberg, and Yimo Zhang, "Receiver implemented RF pilot tone phase noise mitigation in coherent optical nPSK and nQAM systems," Opt. Express 19, 14487-14494 (2011)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-19-15-14487


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset

References

  1. P. S. Henry, “Lightwave primer,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 21(12), 1862–1879 (1985). [CrossRef]
  2. G. P. Agrawal, Fiber-optic communication systems 3rd Edition (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2002), Chap. 2.
  3. J. G. Proakis, Digital Communications 5th Edition (McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 2008), Chap.10.
  4. M. G. Taylor, “Coherent detection method using DSP for demodulation of signal and subsequent equalization of propagation impairments,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(2), 674–676 (2004). [CrossRef]
  5. A. Färbert, S. Langenbach, N. Stojanovic, C. Dorschky, T. Kupfer, C. Schulien, J. P. Elbers, H. Wernz, H. Griesser, and C. Glingener, “Performance of a 10.7 Gb/s Receiver with digital equaliser using maximum likelihood sequence estimation,” in Proceeding of IEEE European Conference on Optical Communication (Stockholm, Sweden, 2004), paper Th4.1.5.
  6. S. J. Savory, G. Gavioli, R. I. Killey, and P. Bayvel, “Electronic compensation of chromatic dispersion using a digital coherent receiver,” Opt. Express 15(5), 2120–2126 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. S. J. Savory, “Digital filters for coherent optical receivers,” Opt. Express 16(2), 804–817 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. S. J. Savory, “Compensation of fibre impairments in digital coherent systems,” in Proceeding of IEEE European Conference on Optical Communication (Brussels, Belgium, 2008), paper Mo.3.D.1.
  9. K. Ishihara, T. Kobayashi, R. Kudo, Y. Takatori, A. Sano, E. Yamada, H. Masuda, and Y. Miyamoto, “Coherent optical transmission with frequency-domain equalization,” in Proceeding of IEEE European Conference on Optical Communication (Brussels, Belgium, 2008), paper We.2.E.3.
  10. M. Kuschnerov, F. N. Hauske, K. Piyawanno, B. Spinnler, A. Napoli, and B. Lankl, “Adaptive chromatic dispersion equalization for non-dispersion managed coherent systems,” in Proceeding of IEEE Conference on Optical Fiber Communication (San Diego, California, 2009), paper OMT1.
  11. R. Kudo, T. Kobayashi, K. Ishihara, Y. Takatori, A. Sano, E. Yamada, H. Masuda, Y. Miyamoto, and M. Mizoguchi, “Two-stage overlap frequency domain equalization for long-haul optical systems,” in Proceeding of IEEE Conference on Optical Fiber Communication (San Diego, California, 2009), paper OMT3.
  12. T. Xu, G. Jacobsen, S. Popov, J. Li, E. Vanin, K. Wang, A. T. Friberg, and Y. Zhang, “Chromatic dispersion compensation in coherent transmission system using digital filters,” Opt. Express 18(15), 16243–16257 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. W. Shieh and K. P. Ho, “Equalization-enhanced phase noise for coherent-detection systems using electronic digital signal processing,” Opt. Express 16(20), 15718–15727 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. A. P. T. Lau, W. Shieh, and K. P. Ho, “Equalization-enhanced phase noise for 100Gb/s transmission with coherent detection,” in Proceedings of OptoElectronics and Communications Conference (Hong Kong, 2009), paper FQ3.
  15. A. P. T. Lau, T. S. R. Shen, W. Shieh, and K. P. Ho, “Equalization-enhanced phase noise for 100 Gb/s transmission and beyond with coherent detection,” Opt. Express 18(16), 17239–17251 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. K.-P. Ho, A. Pak Tao Lau, and W. Shieh, “Equalization-enhanced phase noise induced timing jitter,” Opt. Lett. 36(4), 585–587 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. C. Xie, “Local oscillator phase noise induced penalties in optical coherent detection systems using electronic chromatic dispersion compensation,” in Proceeding of IEEE Conference on Optical Fiber Communication (San Diego, California, 2009), paper OMT4.
  18. C. Xie, “WDM coherent PDM-QPSK systems with and without inline optical dispersion compensation,” Opt. Express 17(6), 4815–4823 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. I. Fatadin and S. J. Savory, “Impact of phase to amplitude noise conversion in coherent optical systems with digital dispersion compensation,” Opt. Express 18(15), 16273–16278 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. S. Oda, C. Ohshima, T. Tanaka, T. Tanimura, H. Nakashima, N. Koizumi, T. Hoshida, H. Zhang, Z. Tao, and J. C. Rasmussen, “Interplay between Local oscillator phase noise and electrical chromatic dispersion compensation in digital coherent transmission system,” in Proceeding of IEEE European Conference on Optical Communication (Torino, Italy, 2010), paper Mo.1.C.2.
  21. T. Xu, G. Jacobsen, S. Popov, J. Li, A. T. Friberg, and Y. Zhang, “Analytical estimation of phase noise influence in coherent transmission system with digital dispersion equalization,” Opt. Express 19(8), 7756–7768 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. E. Vanin and G. Jacobsen, “Analytical estimation of laser phase noise induced BER floor in coherent receiver with digital signal processing,” Opt. Express 18(5), 4246–4259 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. G. Jacobsen, “Laser phase noise induced error rate floors in differential n-level phase-shift-keying coherent receivers,” Electron. Lett. 46(10), 698–700 (2010). [CrossRef]
  24. M. Nakamura, Y. Kamio, and T. Miyazaki, “Pilot-carrier based linewidth-tolerant 8PSK self-homodyne using only one modulator” in Proceeding of IEEE European Conference on Optical Communication (Berlin, Germany, 2007), paper 8.3.6.
  25. M. Nakamura, Y. Kamio, and T. Miyazaki, “Linewidth-tolerant 10-Gbit/s 16-QAM transmission using a pilot-carrier based phase-noise cancelling technique,” Opt. Express 16(14), 10611–10616 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  26. S. L. Jansen, I. Morita, N. Takeda, and H. Tanaka, 20-Gb/s OFDM transmission over 4,160-km SSFM enabled by RF-pilot tone for phase noise compensation”, in Proceeding of Conference on Optical Fiber Communications, (Anaheim, California, 2007), paper PDP 15.
  27. Y. Mori, C. Zhang, K. Igarashi, K. Katoh, and K. Kikuchi, “Unrepeated 200-km transmission of 40-Gbit/s 16-QAM signals using digital coherent receiver,” Opt. Express 17(3), 1435–1441 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  28. G. Jacobsen, Noise in Digital Optical Transmission Systems, (Artech House, Inc., 1994), pp 1 - 387.
  29. www.vpiphotonics.com

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited