OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 19, Iss. 15 — Jul. 18, 2011
  • pp: 14495–14501

Temperature measurement and stabilization in a birefringent whispering gallery mode resonator

D. V. Strekalov, R. J. Thompson, L. M. Baumgartel, I. S. Grudinin, and N. Yu  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 19, Issue 15, pp. 14495-14501 (2011)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1279 KB) | SpotlightSpotlight on Optics

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



Temperature measurement with nano-Kelvin resolution is demonstrated at room temperature, based on the thermal dependence of an optical crystal anisotropy in a high quality whispering gallery mode resonator. As the resonator’s TE and TM modes frequencies have different temperature coefficients, their differential shift provides a sensitive measurement of the temperature variation, which is used for active stabilization of the temperature.

© 2011 OSA

OCIS Codes
(120.4800) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Optical standards and testing
(120.6780) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Temperature
(190.4870) Nonlinear optics : Photothermal effects

ToC Category:
Instrumentation, Measurement, and Metrology

Original Manuscript: May 31, 2011
Manuscript Accepted: June 17, 2011
Published: July 13, 2011

Virtual Issues
August 26, 2011 Spotlight on Optics

D. V. Strekalov, R. J. Thompson, L. M. Baumgartel, I. S. Grudinin, and N. Yu, "Temperature measurement and stabilization in a birefringent whispering gallery mode resonator," Opt. Express 19, 14495-14501 (2011)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. A. A. Savchenkov, A. B. Matsko, V. S. Ilchenko, and L. Maleki, “Optical resonators with ten million finesse,” Opt. Express 15, 6768–6773 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. V. V. Vassiliev, V. L. Velichansky, V. S. Ilchenko, M. L. Gorodetsky, L. Hollberg, and A. V. Yarovitsky, “Narrow-line-width diode laser with a high-Q microsphere resonator,” Opt. Commun. 158, 305–312 (1998). [CrossRef]
  3. T. Carmon, T. J. Kippenberg, L. Yang, H. Rokhsari, S. Spillane, and K. J. Vahala, “Feedback control of ultra-high-Q microcavities: application to micro-Raman lasers and microparametric oscillators,” Opt. Express 13, 3558–3566 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. B. Sprenger, H. G. L. Schwefel, Z. H. Lu, S. Svitlov, and L. J. Wang, “CaF2 whispering-gallery-mode-resonator stabilized-narrow-linewidth laser,” Opt. Lett. 35, 2870–2872 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. W. Liang, V. S. Ilchenko, A. A. Savchenkov, A. B. Matsko, D. Seidel, and L. Maleki, “Whispering-gallery-mode-resonator-based ultranarrow linewidth external-cavity semiconductor laser,” Opt. Lett. 35, 2822–2824 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. J. Alnis, A. Schliesser, C. Y. Wang, J. Hofer, T. J. Kippenberg, and T. W. Hänsch, “Thermal-noise limited laser stabilization to a crystalline whispering-gallery-mode resonator,” arXiv:1102.4227v1, (2011).
  7. A. A. Savchenkov, A. B. Matsko, V. S. Ilchenko, N. Yu, and L. Maleki, “Whispering-gallery-mode resonators as frequency references. II. Stabilization,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 2988–2997 (2007). [CrossRef]
  8. A. B. Matsko, A. A. Savchenkov, V. S. Ilchenko, D. Seidel, and L. Maleki, “Self-referenced stabilization of temperature of an optomechanical microresonator,” Phys. Rev. A 83, 021801 (2011). [CrossRef]
  9. M. L. Gorodetsky and A. E. Fomin, “Geometrical Theory of Whispering-Gallery Modes,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 33–39 (2006). [CrossRef]
  10. V. S. Ilchenko, X. S. Yao, and L. Maleki, “Pigtailing the high-Q microsphere cavity: a simple fiber coupler for optical whispering-gallery modes,” Opt. Lett. 24, 723–725 (1999). [CrossRef]
  11. A. E. Fomin, M. L. Gorodetsky, I. S. Grudinin, and V. S. Ilchenko, “Nonstationary nonlinear effects in optical microspheres,” Laser Resonators and Beam Control VII, ed. A.V. Kudryashov and A.H. Paxton, Proc. SPIE 5333, 231–239 (2004). [CrossRef]
  12. T. Carmon, L. Yang, and K. J. Vahala, “Dynamical thermal behavior and thermal selfstability of microcavities,” Opt. Express 12, 4742–4750 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. P. DelHaye, O. Arcizet, A. Schliesser, R. Holzwarth, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Full stabilization of a microresonator-based optical frequency comb,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 053903 (2008). [CrossRef]
  14. I. Grudinin, H. Lee, T. Chen, and K. Vahala, “Compensation of thermal nonlinearity effect in optical resonators,” Opt. Express 19, 7365–7372 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. J. Sanjuan, A. Lobo, M. Nofrarias, J. Ramos-Castro, and P. J. Riu, “Thermal diagnostics front-end electronics for LISA pathfinder,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 78, 104904 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 3
Fig. 4

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited