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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 19, Iss. 16 — Aug. 1, 2011
  • pp: 14955–14963

Waveguide grating mirror in a fully suspended 10 meter Fabry-Perot cavity

Daniel Friedrich, Bryan W. Barr, Frank Brückner, Stefan Hild, John Nelson, John Macarthur, Michael V. Plissi, Matthew P. Edgar, Sabina H. Huttner, Borja Sorazu, Stefanie Kroker, Michael Britzger, Ernst-Bernhard Kley, Karsten Danzmann, Andreas Tünnermann, Ken A. Strain, and Roman Schnabel  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 19, Issue 16, pp. 14955-14963 (2011)

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We report on the first demonstration of a fully suspended 10m Fabry-Perot cavity incorporating a waveguide grating as the coupling mirror. The cavity was kept on resonance by reading out the length fluctuations via the Pound-Drever-Hall method and employing feedback to the laser frequency. From the achieved finesse of 790 the grating reflectivity was determined to exceed 99.2% at the laser wavelength of 1064 nm, which is in good agreement with rigorous simulations. Our waveguide grating design was based on tantala and fused silica and included a ≈ 20 nm thin etch stop layer made of Al2O3 that allowed us to define the grating depth accurately and preserve the waveguide thickness during the fabrication process. Demonstrating stable operation of a waveguide grating featuring high reflectivity in a suspended low-noise cavity, our work paves the way for the potential application of waveguide gratings as mirrors in high-precision interferometry, for instance in future gravitational wave observatories.

© 2011 OSA

OCIS Codes
(050.2770) Diffraction and gratings : Gratings
(120.2230) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Fabry-Perot
(230.4040) Optical devices : Mirrors
(050.6624) Diffraction and gratings : Subwavelength structures

ToC Category:
Instrumentation, Measurement, and Metrology

Original Manuscript: April 18, 2011
Revised Manuscript: May 22, 2011
Manuscript Accepted: May 22, 2011
Published: July 20, 2011

Daniel Friedrich, Bryan W. Barr, Frank Brückner, Stefan Hild, John Nelson, John Macarthur, Michael V. Plissi, Matthew P. Edgar, Sabina H. Huttner, Borja Sorazu, Stefanie Kroker, Michael Britzger, Ernst-Bernhard Kley, Karsten Danzmann, Andreas Tünnermann, Ken A. Strain, and Roman Schnabel, "Waveguide grating mirror in a fully suspended 10 meter Fabry-Perot cavity," Opt. Express 19, 14955-14963 (2011)

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