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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 19, Iss. 16 — Aug. 1, 2011
  • pp: 15322–15338

Hologram recording via spatial density modulation of Nb Li 4 + / 5 + antisites in lithium niobate

M. Imlau, H. Brüning, B. Schoke, R.-S. Hardt, D. Conradi, and C. Merschjann  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 19, Issue 16, pp. 15322-15338 (2011)

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Hologram recording is studied in thermally reduced, nominally undoped lithium niobate in the time domain from 10 ns to 100 s by means of intense ns pump laser pulses (λ = 532 nm) and continuous-wave probe light (λ = 785 nm). It is shown that mixed absorption and phase gratings can be recorded within 8 ns that feature diffraction efficiencies up to 23 % with non-exponential relaxation and lifetimes in the ms-regime. The results are explained comprehensively in the frame of the optical generation of a spatial density modulation of Nb Li 4 + / 5 + antisites and the related optical features, i.e. absorption as well as index changes mutually related via the Kramers-Kronig-relation. Implications of our findings, such as the electrooptical properties of small bound Nb Li 4 + polarons, the optical features of Nb Li 4 + : Nb Nb 4 + bipolarons, Nb Nb 4 + free polarons and O hole-polarons, the impact of light polarization of pump and probe beams as well as of the polaron density are discussed.

© 2011 OSA

OCIS Codes
(090.7330) Holography : Volume gratings
(160.3730) Materials : Lithium niobate
(160.4670) Materials : Optical materials
(160.4760) Materials : Optical properties
(190.4400) Nonlinear optics : Nonlinear optics, materials
(160.5335) Materials : Photosensitive materials

ToC Category:

Original Manuscript: May 10, 2011
Revised Manuscript: June 16, 2011
Manuscript Accepted: June 16, 2011
Published: July 26, 2011

M. Imlau, H. Brüning, B. Schoke, R.-S. Hardt, D. Conradi, and C. Merschjann, "Hologram recording via spatial density modulation of NbLi4+/5+ antisites in lithium niobate," Opt. Express 19, 15322-15338 (2011)

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