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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 19, Iss. 16 — Aug. 1, 2011
  • pp: 15538–15548

High-energy, phase-stable, ultrabroadband kHz OPCPA at 2.1 μm pumped by a picosecond cryogenic Yb:YAG laser

Kyung-Han Hong, Shu-Wei Huang, Jeffrey Moses, Xing Fu, Chien-Jen Lai, Giovanni Cirmi, Alexander Sell, Eduardo Granados, Phillip Keathley, and Franz X. Kärtner  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 19, Issue 16, pp. 15538-15548 (2011)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.19.015538


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Abstract

We report on a kHz, mJ-level, carrier-envelope phase (CEP)-stable ultrabroadband optical parametric chirped-pulse amplifier (OPCPA) at 2.1-μm wavelength, pumped by a high-energy, 14 ps, cryogenic Yb:YAG pump laser, and its application to high-order harmonic generation (HHG) with Xe. The pre-amplifier chain is pumped by a 12-ps Nd:YLF pump laser and both pump lasers are optically synchronized to the signal pulse of the OPCPA. An amplified pulse energy of 0.85 mJ was obtained at the final OPCPA stage with good beam profile. The pulse is compressed to 4.5 optical cycles (<32 fs) with a spectral bandwidth of 474 nm supporting 3.5 optical cycles. The CEP stability was measured to be 194 mrad and the super-fluorescence noise is estimated to be ~9%. First HHG results are demonstrated with Xe showing significant cutoff extension to >85 eV with an efficiency of ~10−10 per harmonic, limited by the maximum gas pressure and flow into the chamber. This demonstrates the potential of this 2.1-μm source for scaling of photon energy and flux in the water-window range when applied to Ne and He at kHz repetition rate.

© 2011 OSA

OCIS Codes
(190.4970) Nonlinear optics : Parametric oscillators and amplifiers
(320.7110) Ultrafast optics : Ultrafast nonlinear optics
(140.3615) Lasers and laser optics : Lasers, ytterbium

ToC Category:
Lasers and Laser Optics

History
Original Manuscript: June 3, 2011
Manuscript Accepted: July 22, 2011
Published: July 28, 2011

Citation
Kyung-Han Hong, Shu-Wei Huang, Jeffrey Moses, Xing Fu, Chien-Jen Lai, Giovanni Cirmi, Alexander Sell, Eduardo Granados, Phillip Keathley, and Franz X. Kärtner, "High-energy, phase-stable, ultrabroadband kHz OPCPA at 2.1 μm pumped by a picosecond cryogenic Yb:YAG laser," Opt. Express 19, 15538-15548 (2011)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-19-16-15538


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