OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 19, Iss. 17 — Aug. 15, 2011
  • pp: 15679–15689

Abnormal refraction of microwave in ferrite/wire metamaterials

Hongjie Zhao, Bo Li, Ji Zhou, Lei Kang, Qian Zhao, and Weibin Li  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 19, Issue 17, pp. 15679-15689 (2011)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.19.015679


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1054 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

We report the experimentally observed abnormal refraction in metamaterials (MMs) consisting of ferrite rods and metallic wires with two kinds of configurations. Negative refraction (NR) and positive refraction (PR) are demonstrated in an MM constructed with parallel-arranged rods and wires. The frequencies of both NR and PR can be adjusted dynamically and together by an applied magnetic field and the PR occurs at frequencies slightly lower than that of the NR. The NR is attributed to simultaneously negative effective permittivity and permeability, and the PR is resulted from positive effective permittivity and permeability with the positive effective permittivity originating from electromagnetic coupling between the closest rod and wire. By making the rod cross the wire to reduce the coupling, we observed sole NR in an MM consisting of the cross-arranged rods and wires. Theoretical analysis explained qualitatively the abnormal refraction behaviors of microwave for the two kinds of MMs and it is supported by the retrieved effective parameters and field distributions.

© 2011 OSA

OCIS Codes
(160.3820) Materials : Magneto-optical materials
(160.3918) Materials : Metamaterials

ToC Category:
Metamaterials

History
Original Manuscript: May 16, 2011
Revised Manuscript: July 6, 2011
Manuscript Accepted: July 19, 2011
Published: August 1, 2011

Citation
Hongjie Zhao, Bo Li, Ji Zhou, Lei Kang, Qian Zhao, and Weibin Li, "Abnormal refraction of microwave in ferrite/wire metamaterials," Opt. Express 19, 15679-15689 (2011)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-19-17-15679


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. V. G. Veselago, “The electrodynamics of substances with simultaneously negative values of permittivity and permeability,” Sov. Phys. Usp. 10(4), 509–514 (1968). [CrossRef]
  2. R. A. Shelby, D. R. Smith, and S. Schultz, “Experimental verification of a negative index of refraction,” Science 292(5514), 77–79 (2001). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. C. G. Parazzoli, R. B. Greegor, K. Li, B. E. C. Koltenbah, and M. Tanielian, “Experimental verification and simulation of negative index of refraction using Snell’s law,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90(10), 107401 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. J. T. Huangfu, L. X. Ran, H. S. Chen, X. M. Zhang, K. S. Chen, T. M. Grzegorczyk, and J. A. Kong, “Experimental confirmation of negative refractive index of a metamaterial composed of Omega-like metallic patterns,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84(9), 1537–1539 (2004). [CrossRef]
  5. J. B. Pendry, “Negative refraction makes a perfect lens,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85(18), 3966–3969 (2000). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. A. A. Houck, J. B. Brock, and I. L. Chuang, “Experimental observations of a left-handed material that obeys Snell’s law,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90(13), 137401 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. C. G. Parazzoli, R. B. Greegor, J. A. Nielsen, M. A. Thompson, K. Li, A. M. Vetter, M. H. Tanielian, and D. C. Vier, “Performance of a negative index of refraction lens,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84(17), 3232–3234 (2004). [CrossRef]
  8. I. Bulu, H. Caglayan, and E. Ozbay, “Experimental demonstration of subwavelength focusing of electromagnetic waves by labyrinth-based two-dimensional metamaterials,” Opt. Lett. 31(6), 814–816 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. W. J. Padilla, A. J. Taylor, C. Highstrete, M. Lee, and R. D. Averitt, “Dynamical electric and magnetic metamaterial response at terahertz frequencies,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(10), 107401 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. H. T. Chen, W. J. Padilla, J. M. O. Zide, A. C. Gossard, A. J. Taylor, and R. D. Averitt, “Active terahertz metamaterial devices,” Nature 444(7119), 597–600 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. H. Chen, B -I. Wu, L. Ran, T. M. Grzegorczyk, and J. A. Kong, “Controllable left-handed metamaterial and its application to a steerable antenna,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(5), 053509 (2006). [CrossRef]
  12. I. V. Shadrivov, S. K. Morrison, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Tunable split-ring resonators for nonlinear negative-index metamaterials,” Opt. Express 14(20), 9344–9349 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. Q. Zhao, L. Kang, B. Du, B. Li, J. Zhou, H. Tang, X. Liang, and B. Zhang, “Electrically tunable negative permeability metamaterials based on nematic liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(1), 011112 (2007). [CrossRef]
  14. A. Degiron, J. J. Mock, and D. R. Smith, “Modulating and tuning the response of metamaterials at the unit cell level,” Opt. Express 15(3), 1115–1127 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. F. Zhang, Q. Zhao, L. Kang, D. P. Gaillot, X. P. Zhao, J. Zhou, and D. Lippens, “Magnetic control of negative permeability metamaterials based on liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(19), 193104 (2008). [CrossRef]
  16. L. Kang, Q. Zhao, H. J. Zhao, and J. Zhou, “Magnetically tunable negative permeability metamaterial composed by split ring resonators and ferrite rods,” Opt. Express 16(12), 8825–8834 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. L. Kang, Q. Zhao, H. J. Zhao, and J. Zhou, “Ferrite-based magnetically tunable left-handed metamaterial composed of SRRs and wires,” Opt. Express 16(22), 17269–17275 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. J. N. Gollub, J. Y. Chin, T. J. Cui, and D. R. Smith, “Hybrid resonant phenomena in a SRR/YIG metamaterial structure,” Opt. Express 17(4), 2122–2131 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. G. Dewar, “Candidates for μ<0, ε<0 nanostructures,” Int. J. Mod. Phys. B 15(24 & 25), 3258–3265 (2001). [CrossRef]
  20. Y. He, P. He, V. G. Harris, and C. Vittoria, “Role of ferrites in negative index metamaterials,” IEEE Trans. Magn. 42(10), 2852–2854 (2006). [CrossRef]
  21. F. J. Rachford, D. Armstead, V. G. Harris, and C. Vittoria, “Simulations of ferrite-dielectric-wire composite negative index materials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(5), 057202 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. Y. He, P. He, S. Daeyoon Yoon, P. V. Parimi, F. J. Rachford, V. G. Harris, and C. Vittoria, “Tunable negative index metamaterial using yttrium iron garnet,” J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 313(1), 187–191 (2007). [CrossRef]
  23. H. Zhao, J. Zhou, Q. Zhao, B. Li, L. Kang, and Y. Bai, “Magnetotunable left-handed material consisting of yttrium iron garnet slab and metallic wires,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(13), 131107 (2007). [CrossRef]
  24. H. Zhao, J. Zhou, L. Kang, and Q. Zhao, “Tunable two-dimensional left-handed material consisting of ferrite rods and metallic wires,” Opt. Express 17(16), 13373–13380 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  25. Y. Poo, R. X. Wu, G. H. He, P. Chen, J. Xu, and R. F. Chen, “Experimental verification of a tunable left-handed material by bias magnetic fields,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(16), 161902 (2010). [CrossRef]
  26. B. Lax and K. J. Button, Microwave ferrites and ferrimagnetics, (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1962).
  27. J. B. Pendry, A. J. Holden, W. J. Stewart, and I. Youngs, “Extremely low frequency plasmons in metallic mesostructures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 76(25), 4773–4776 (1996). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  28. D. R. Smith, D. C. Vier, Th. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Electromagnetic parameter retrieval from inhomogeneous metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 71(33 Pt 2B), 036617 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited