OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 19, Iss. 17 — Aug. 15, 2011
  • pp: 16008–16021

Effects of surface reflectance on skylight polarization measurements at the Mauna Loa Observatory

Andrew R. Dahlberg, Nathan J. Pust, and Joseph A. Shaw  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 19, Issue 17, pp. 16008-16021 (2011)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1630 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



An all-sky imaging polarimeter was deployed in summer 2008 to the Mauna Loa Observatory in Hawaii to study clear-sky atmospheric skylight polarization. The imager operates in five wavebands in the visible and near infrared spectrum and has a fisheye lens for all-sky viewing. This paper describes the deployment and presents comparisons of the degree of skylight polarization observed to similar data observed by Coulson with a principal-plane scanning polarimeter in the late 1970s. In general, the results compared favorably to those of Coulson. In addition, we present quantitative results correlating a variation of the maximum degree of polarization over a range of 70-85% to fluctuation in underlying surface reflectance and upwelling radiance data from the GOES satellite.

© 2011 OSA

OCIS Codes
(010.1310) Atmospheric and oceanic optics : Atmospheric scattering
(120.5410) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Polarimetry
(260.5430) Physical optics : Polarization
(010.1615) Atmospheric and oceanic optics : Clouds
(110.5405) Imaging systems : Polarimetric imaging

ToC Category:
Atmospheric and Oceanic Optics

Original Manuscript: May 31, 2011
Revised Manuscript: July 18, 2011
Manuscript Accepted: August 2, 2011
Published: August 5, 2011

Andrew R. Dahlberg, Nathan J. Pust, and Joseph A. Shaw, "Effects of surface reflectance on skylight polarization measurements at the Mauna Loa Observatory," Opt. Express 19, 16008-16021 (2011)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. N. J. Pust and J. A. Shaw, “Dual-field imaging polarimeter using liquid crystal variable retarders,” Appl. Opt. 45(22), 5470–5478 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. N. J. Pust and J. A. Shaw, “Digital all-sky polarization imaging of partly cloudy skies,” Appl. Opt. 47(34), H190–H198 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. J. S. Tyo, D. L. Goldstein, D. B. Chenault, and J. A. Shaw, “Review of passive imaging polarimetry for remote sensing applications,” Appl. Opt. 45(22), 5453–5469 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. Z. Li, P. Goloub, O. Dubovik, L. Blarel, W. Zhang, T. Podvin, A. Sinyuk, M. Sorokin, H. Chen, B. Holben, D. Tanré, M. Canini, and J.-P. Buis, “Improvements for ground-based remote sensing of atmospheric aerosol properties by additional polarimetric measurements,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 110(17), 1954–1961 (2009). [CrossRef]
  5. M. I. Mishchenko and L. D. Travis, “Satellite retrieval of aerosol properties over the ocean using polarization as well as intensity of reflected sunlight,” J. Geophys. Res. 102(D14), 16989–17013 (1997). [CrossRef]
  6. M. I. Mischenko, B. Cairns, J. E. Hansen, L. D. Travis, R. Burg, Y. J. Kaufman, J. V. Martins, and E. P. Shettle, “Monitoring of aerosol forcing of climate from space: analysis of measurment requirements,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 88(1-3), 149–161 (2004). [CrossRef]
  7. K. L. Coulson, R. L. Walraven, G. I. Weigt, and L. B. Soohoo, “Photon-counting polarizing radiometer,” Appl. Opt. 13(3), 497–498 (1974). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. K. L. Coulson, Polarization and Intensity of Light in the Atmosphere (A. Deepak, 1988).
  9. J. A. North and M. J. Duggin, “Stokes vector imaging of the polarized sky-dome,” Appl. Opt. 36(3), 723–730 (1997). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. G. Horváth, A. Barta, J. Gál, B. Suhai, and O. Haiman, “Ground-based full-sky imaging polarimetry of rapidly changing skies and its use for polarimetric cloud detection,” Appl. Opt. 41(3), 543–559 (2002). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. K. J. Voss and Y. Liu, “Polarized radiance distribution measurements of skylight. I. System description and characterization,” Appl. Opt. 36(24), 6083–6094 (1997). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. Y. Liu and K. Voss, “Polarized radiance distribution measurement of skylight. II. Experiment and data,” Appl. Opt. 36(33), 8753–8764 (1997). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. G. E. Shaw, “Sky brightness and polarization during the 1973 African eclipse,” Appl. Opt. 14(2), 388–394 (1975). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. J. A. Shaw, N. J. Pust, B. Staal, J. Johnson, and A. R. Dahlberg, “Continuous outdoor operation of an all-sky polarization imager,” in Polarization Measurement, Analysis, and Remote Sensing IX, 76720A (2010), pp. 1–7 .
  15. J. Lenoble, M. Herman, J. L. Deuzé, B. Lafrance, R. Santer, and D. Tanré, “A successive order of scattering code for solving the vector equation of transfer in the earth's atmosphere with aerosols,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 107(3), 479–507 (2007). [CrossRef]
  16. J. E. Hansen and L. D. Travis, “Light scattering in planetary atmospheres,” Space Sci. Rev. 16(4), 527–610 (1974). [CrossRef]
  17. C. F. Bohren and D. R. Huffman, Absorption and Scattering of Light by Small Particles (Wiley, 1983).
  18. M. Weinreb and D. Han, “Calibration of the Visible Channels of the GOES Imagers and Sounders,” http://www.oso.noaa.gov/goes/goes-calibration/goes-vis-ch-calibration.htm .
  19. “NOAA Comprehensive Large Array-Data Stewardship System,” http://www.nsof.class.noaa.gov/saa/products/welcome .
  20. S. Q. Kidder, K. E. Eis, and T. H. Vonder Haar, “New GOES imager system products suitable for use on field-deployable systems,” in Proceedings of Battlespace Atmospheric and Cloud Impacts on Military Operations Conference (1998), pp. 452–459
  21. S. Q. Kidder and T. H. Vonder Haar, Satellite Meteorology: an Introduction (Academic, 1995).
  22. M. P. Weinreb, M. Jamieson, N. Fulton, Y. Chen, J. X. Johnson, J. Bremer, C. Smith, and J. Baucom, “Operational calibration of Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite-8 and-9 imagers and sounders,” Appl. Opt. 36(27), 6895–6904 (1997). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited