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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 19, Iss. 17 — Aug. 15, 2011
  • pp: 16126–16131

Random lasing from granular surface of waveguide with blends of PS and PMMA

Xuanke Zhao, Zhaoxin Wu, Shuya Ning, Shixiong Liang, Dawei Wang, and Xun Hou  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 19, Issue 17, pp. 16126-16131 (2011)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.19.016126


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Abstract

Lasing from a planar waveguide with the blend of Polystyrene(PS): Poly-methylmethacrylate(PMMA) doped with tris(8 -hydroxyquinolinato)aluminum(Alq3) and 4-(dicyanomethylene)-2-tert- butyl-6(1,1,7,7-tetramethyljulolidyl-9-enyl)-4H-pyran(DCJTB) was investigated. Due to phase separation of the blend of PS:PMMA during the solvent evaporation process, a waveguide with granular surface was obtained, which has 2D island-like nanostructures with diameters ranging between 200 and 400 nm and heights at about 25 nm. Pumped by a YAG laser with wavelength of 355nm, a significant random lasing was observed. Compared to the amplified spontaneous radiation (ASE) of planar waveguides with only PMMA or PS doped with Alq3:DCJTB prepared under the same conditions, the lasing threshold of the former is decreased by about 5 times, and the full width at half maximum (FWHM) is reduced to 1.7nm from 12~15 nm. Our experiments show a promising method to achieve lower threshold for organic lasers.

© 2011 OSA

OCIS Codes
(140.0140) Lasers and laser optics : Lasers and laser optics
(140.5960) Lasers and laser optics : Semiconductor lasers
(230.7390) Optical devices : Waveguides, planar
(290.4210) Scattering : Multiple scattering

ToC Category:
Lasers and Laser Optics

History
Original Manuscript: June 6, 2011
Revised Manuscript: July 9, 2011
Manuscript Accepted: July 20, 2011
Published: August 8, 2011

Citation
Xuanke Zhao, Zhaoxin Wu, Shuya Ning, Shixiong Liang, Dawei Wang, and Xun Hou, "Random lasing from granular surface of waveguide with blends of PS and PMMA," Opt. Express 19, 16126-16131 (2011)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-19-17-16126


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