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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 19, Iss. 17 — Aug. 15, 2011
  • pp: 16273–16290

Exploration of in-fiber nanostructures from capillary instability

D. S. Deng, J.-C. Nave, X. Liang, S. G. Johnson, and Y. Fink  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 19, Issue 17, pp. 16273-16290 (2011)

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A new class of multi-material fiber that incorporates micrometer-thickness concentric-cylindrical sheets of glass into polymer matrix has emerged. The ultimate lower limit of feature size and recent observation of interesting instability phenomenon in fiber system motivate us to examine fluid instabilities during the complicated thermal drawing fabrication processing. In this paper, from the perspective of a single instability mechanism, classical Plateau-Rayleigh instabilities in the form of radial fluctuation, we explore the stability of various microstructures (such as shells and filaments) in our composite fibers. The attained uniform structures are consistent with theoretical analysis. Furthermore, a viscous materials map is established from calculations and agrees well with various identified materials. These results not only shed insights into other forms of fluid instabilities, but also provide guidance to achieve more diverse nanostructures (such as filaments, wires, and particles) in the microstructured fibers.

© 2011 OSA

OCIS Codes
(060.2280) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber design and fabrication
(060.2290) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber materials
(230.1480) Optical devices : Bragg reflectors
(230.4000) Optical devices : Microstructure fabrication
(060.4005) Fiber optics and optical communications : Microstructured fibers
(220.4241) Optical design and fabrication : Nanostructure fabrication

ToC Category:
Fiber Optics and Optical Communications

Original Manuscript: May 31, 2011
Revised Manuscript: July 25, 2011
Manuscript Accepted: August 1, 2011
Published: August 10, 2011

D. S. Deng, J.-C. Nave, X. Liang, S. G. Johnson, and Y. Fink, "Exploration of in-fiber nanostructures from capillary instability," Opt. Express 19, 16273-16290 (2011)

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