OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 19, Iss. 18 — Aug. 29, 2011
  • pp: 16866–16871

Measuring easily electron plasma densities in gases produced by ultrashort lasers and filaments

D. Abdollahpour, S. Suntsov, D. G. Papazoglou, and S. Tzortzakis  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 19, Issue 18, pp. 16866-16871 (2011)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (953 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



We present an easy way to calibrate the simple plasma conductivity (PCo) technique for measuring electron plasma densities in gases. We show that calibration can be achieved using a single absolute plasma density measurement through an independent analytical technique, in our case the in-line holographic microscopy (i-HOM). We show the validity and power of the method by comparing the calibrated PCo with results from i-HOM over an extended range of experimental parameters.

© 2011 OSA

OCIS Codes
(320.7110) Ultrafast optics : Ultrafast nonlinear optics
(350.5400) Other areas of optics : Plasmas
(280.5395) Remote sensing and sensors : Plasma diagnostics

ToC Category:
Ultrafast Optics

Original Manuscript: June 9, 2011
Revised Manuscript: July 5, 2011
Manuscript Accepted: July 5, 2011
Published: August 15, 2011

D. Abdollahpour, S. Suntsov, D. G. Papazoglou, and S. Tzortzakis, "Measuring easily electron plasma densities in gases produced by ultrashort lasers and filaments," Opt. Express 19, 16866-16871 (2011)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. A. Couairon and A. Mysyrowicz, “Femtosecond filamentation in transparent media,” Phys. Rep. 441(2-4), 47–189 (2007). [CrossRef]
  2. S. Tzortzakis, B. Prade, M. Franco, A. Mysyrowicz, S. Hüller, and P. Mora, “Femtosecond laser-guided electric discharge in air,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 64(5), 057401 (2001). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. G. Méjean, J. Kasparian, E. Salmon, J. Yu, J. P. Wolf, R. Bourayou, R. Sauerbrey, M. Rodriguez, L. Wöste, H. Lehmann, B. Stecklum, U. Laux, J. Eislöffel, A. Scholz, and A. P. Hatzes, “Towards a supercontinuum-based infrared lidar,” Appl. Phys. B 77, 357–359 (2003). [CrossRef]
  4. S. Tzortzakis, D. Anglos, and D. Gray, “Ultraviolet laser filaments for remote laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) analysis: applications in cultural heritage monitoring,” Opt. Lett. 31(8), 1139–1141 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. S. Eisenmann, A. Pukhov, and A. Zigler, “Fine structure of a laser-plasma filament in air,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(15), 155002 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. S. Tzortzakis, M. A. Franco, Y. B. André, A. Chiron, B. Lamouroux, B. S. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Formation of a conducting channel in air by self-guided femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Phys. Plasmas Fluids Relat. Interdiscip. Topics 60(4), R3505–R3507 (1999). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. S. Akturk, B. Zhou, M. Franco, A. Couairon, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Generation of long plasma channels in air by focusing ultrashort laser pulses with an axicon,” Opt. Commun. 282, 129–134 (2009). [CrossRef]
  8. D. Abdollahpour, P. Panagiotopoulos, M. Turconi, O. Jedrkiewicz, D. Faccio, P. Di Trapani, A. Couairon, D. G. Papazoglou, and S. Tzortzakis, “Long spatio-temporally stationary filaments in air using short pulse UV laser Bessel beams,” Opt. Express 17(7), 5052–5057 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. S. Rebibo, J. P. Geindre, P. Audebert, G. Grillon, J. P. Chambaret, and J. C. Gauthier, “Single-shot spectral interferometry of femtosecond laser-produced plasmas,” Laser Part. Beams 19(1), 67–73 (2001). [CrossRef]
  10. C. Y. Chien, B. La Fontaine, A. Desparois, Z. Jiang, T. W. Johnston, J. C. Kieffer, H. Pépin, F. Vidal, and H. P. Mercure, “Single-shot chirped-pulse spectral interferometry used to measure the femtosecond ionization dynamics of air,” Opt. Lett. 25(8), 578–580 (2000). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. J. P. Geindre, P. Audebert, A. Rousse, F. Falliès, J. C. Gauthier, A. Mysyrowicz, A. D. Santos, G. Hamoniaux, and A. Antonetti, “Frequency-domain interferometer for measuring the phase and amplitude of a femtosecond pulse probing a laser-produced plasma,” Opt. Lett. 19(23), 1997–1999 (1994). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. S. Minardi, A. Gopal, M. Tatarakis, A. Couairon, G. Tamosauskas, R. Piskarskas, A. Dubietis, and P. Di Trapani, “Time-resolved refractive index and absorption mapping of light-plasma filaments in water,” Opt. Lett. 33(1), 86–88 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. S. Tzortzakis, B. Prade, M. Franco, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Time-evolution of the plasma channel at the trail of a self-guided IR femtosecond laser pulse in air,” Opt. Commun. 181(1-3), 123–127 (2000). [CrossRef]
  14. Z. Liu, M. Centurion, G. Panotopoulos, J. Hong, and D. Psaltis, “Holographic recording of fast events on a CCD camera,” Opt. Lett. 27(1), 22–24 (2002). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. M. Centurion, Y. Pu, Z. Liu, D. Psaltis, and T. W. Hänsch, “Holographic recording of laser-induced plasma,” Opt. Lett. 29(7), 772–774 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. D. G. Papazoglou and S. Tzortzakis, “In-line holography for the characterization of ultrafast laser filamentation in transparent media,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(4), 041120–041123 (2008). [CrossRef]
  17. G. Rodriguez, A. R. Valenzuela, B. Yellampalle, M. J. Schmitt, and K.-Y. Kim, “In-line holographic imaging and electron density extraction of ultrafast ionized air filaments,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25(12), 1988–1997 (2008). [CrossRef]
  18. S. A. Hosseini, B. Ferland, and S. L. Chin, “Measurement of filament length generated by an intense femtosecond laser pulse using electromagnetic radiation detection,” Appl. Phys. B 76, 583–586 (2003). [CrossRef]
  19. A. Becker, N. Aközbek, K. Vijayalakshmi, E. Oral, C. M. Bowden, and S. L. Chin, “Intensity clamping and re-focusing of intense femtosecond laser pulses in nitrogen molecular gas,” Appl. Phys. B 73, 287–290 (2001). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 3
Fig. 4

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited