OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 19, Iss. 18 — Aug. 29, 2011
  • pp: 17021–17029

Experimental study on the characteristics of molecular emission spectroscopy for the analysis of solid materials containing C and N

Meirong Dong, Jidong Lu, Shunchun Yao, Ziming Zhong, Junyan Li, Jun Li, and Weiye Lu  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 19, Issue 18, pp. 17021-17029 (2011)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1070 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



Solid materials with different structure containing C and N were analyzed by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS). Comparing the emission molecular species in different atmosphere (air and argon), it can be determined that whether the molecular species are directly vaporized from sample or generated through dissociation or the interaction between plasma and air molecules. The results showed that the characteristic of C2 bands emission is similar with that of neutral atomic carbon emission CI in different atmosphere (air and argon). While the characteristic of CN bands emission is more complicated and it has great relationship with the existence of CN radicals, the interaction between plasma and air ambient, and the recombination of excited partials.

© 2011 OSA

OCIS Codes
(140.3440) Lasers and laser optics : Laser-induced breakdown
(300.6210) Spectroscopy : Spectroscopy, atomic
(300.6360) Spectroscopy : Spectroscopy, laser
(300.6390) Spectroscopy : Spectroscopy, molecular

ToC Category:

Original Manuscript: June 20, 2011
Revised Manuscript: August 4, 2011
Manuscript Accepted: August 4, 2011
Published: August 16, 2011

Meirong Dong, Jidong Lu, Shunchun Yao, Ziming Zhong, Junyan Li, Jun Li, and Weiye Lu, "Experimental study on the characteristics of molecular emission spectroscopy for the analysis of solid materials containing C and N," Opt. Express 19, 17021-17029 (2011)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. D. A. Cremers and L. J. Radziemski, Handbook of Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (Wiley, Chichester, 2006).
  2. J. P. Singh and S. N. Thakur, Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (Elsevier Science, Amsterdam, 2007).
  3. J. Cuñat, F. J. Fortes, and J. J. Laserna, “Real time and in situ determination of lead in road sediments using a man-portable laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy analyzer,” Anal. Chim. Acta 633(1), 38–42 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. J. Goujon, A. Giakoumaki, V. Piñon, O. Musset, D. Anglos, E. Georgiou, and J. P. Boquillon, “A compact and portable laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy instrument for single and double pulse applications,” Spectrochim. Acta, B At. Spectrosc. 63(10), 1091–1096 (2008). [CrossRef]
  5. J. J. Laserna, R. F. Reyes, R. González, L. Tobaria, and P. Lucena, “Study on the effect of beam propagation through atmospheric turbulence on standoff nanosecond laser induced breakdown spectroscopy measurements,” Opt. Express 17(12), 10265–10276 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. C. López-Moreno, S. Palanco, and J. J. Laserna, “Stand-off analysis of moving targets using laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” J. Anal. At. Spectrom. 22(1), 84–87 (2007). [CrossRef]
  7. S. Acquaviva, “Simulation of emission molecular spectra by a semi-automatic programme package: the case of C2 and CN diatomic molecules emitting during laser ablation of a graphite target in nitrogen environment,” Spectrochim. Acta A Mol. Biomol. Spectrosc. 60(8-9), 2079–2086 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. C. Vivien, J. Hermann, A. Perrone, C. Boulmer-Leborgne, and A. Luches, “A study of molecule formation during laser ablation of graphite in low-pressure nitrogen,” J. Phys. D 31(10), 1263–1272 (1998). [CrossRef]
  9. M. Tran, Q. Sun, B. W. Smith, and J. D. Winefordner, “Determination of C: H: O: N ratios in solid organic compounds by laser-induced plasma spectroscopy,” J. Anal. At. Spectrom. 16(6), 628–632 (2001). [CrossRef]
  10. R. Sattmann, I. Monch, H. Krause, R. Noll, S. Couris, A. Hatziapostolou, A. Mavromanolakis, C. Fotakis, E. Larrauri, and R. Miguel, “Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy for polymer identification,” Appl. Spectrosc. 52(3), 456–461 (1998). [CrossRef]
  11. J. Anzano, R. J. Lasheras, B. Bonilla, and J. Casas, ““Classification of polymers by determining of C1:C2: CN: H: N: O ratios by laser-induced plasma spectroscopy (LIPS), ” J. Casas,” Polym. Test. 27(6), 705–710 (2008). [CrossRef]
  12. S. Grégoire, M. Boudinet, F. Pelascini, F. Surma, V. Detalle, and Y. Holl, “Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy for polymer identification,” Anal. Bioanal. Chem. 400(10), 3331–3340 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. P. Lucena, A. Dona, L. M. Tobaria, and J. J. Laserna, “New challenges and insights in the detection and spectral identification of organic explosives by laser induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta, B At. Spectrosc. 66(1), 12–20 (2011). [CrossRef]
  14. M. Baudelet, L. Guyon, J. Yu, J. P. Wolf, T. Amodeo, E. Frejafon, and P. Laloi, “Spectral signature of native CN bonds for bacterium detection and identification using femtosecond laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(6), 063901 (2006). [CrossRef]
  15. M. Baudelet, M. Boueri, J. Yu, S. S. Mao, V. Piscitelli, X. L. Mao, and R. E. Russo, “Time-resolved ultraviolet laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy for organic material analysis,” Spectrochim. Acta, B At. Spectrosc. 62(12), 1329–1334 (2007). [CrossRef]
  16. L. St-Onge, R. Sing, S. Bechard, and M. Sabsabi, “Carbon emissions following 1.064 μm laser ablation of graphite and organic samples in ambient air,” Appl. Phys. A 69, S913–S916 (1999).
  17. G. Dinescu, E. Aldea, M. L. De Giorgi, A. Luches, A. Perrone, and A. Zocco, “Optical emission spectroscopy of molecular species in plasma induced by laser ablation of carbon in nitrogen,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 127–129(1-2), 697–702 (1998). [CrossRef]
  18. M. Boueri, M. Baudelet, J. Yu, X. L. Mao, S. S. Mao, and R. Russo, “Early stage expansion and time-resolved spectral emission of laser-induced plasma from polymer,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 255(24), 9566–9571 (2009). [CrossRef]
  19. K. C. Xie, Coal Structure and Its Reactivity (Science Press, Beijing, 2002) (in Chinese).
  20. F. Y. Wang and Z. Y. Wu, The Manual of the Using of Coal Fly Ash (China Electric Power Press, Beijing, 1997) (in Chinese).
  21. Fertilizer and Soil Conditioner National Standardization Technical Committee, “Determination of potassium content for compound fertilizers potassium tetraphenylborate gravimetric method,”·GB/T8574[S] (2002) (in Chinese).
  22. “NIST: Atomic Spectra Database Lines Form,” http://physics.nist.gov/PhysRefData/ASD/lines_form.html .
  23. S. Abdelli-Messaci, T. Kerdja, A. Bendib, and S. Malek, “CN emission spectroscopy study of carbon plasma in nitrogen environment,” Spectrochim. Acta, B At. Spectrosc. 60(7-8), 955–959 (2005). [CrossRef]
  24. Z. Zelinger, M. Novotny, J. Bulir, J. Lancok, P. Kubat, and M. Jelinek, “Laser plasma plume kinetic spectroscopy of the nitrogen and carbon species,” Contrib. Plasma Phys. 43(7), 426–432 (2003). [CrossRef]
  25. Q. Ma and P. J. Dagdigian, “Kinetic model of atomic and molecular emissions in laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy of organic compounds,” Anal. Bioanal. Chem. 400(10), 3193–3205 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  26. J. A. Aguilera and C. Aragon, “A comparison of the temperatures and electron densities of laser-produced plasma obtained in air, argon, and helium at atmospheric pressure,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 69(7), S475–S478 (1999). [CrossRef]
  27. J. A. Aguilera and C. Aragon, “Temperature and electron density distributions of laser-induced plasmas generated with an iron sample at different ambient gas pressures,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 197–198, 273–280 (2002). [CrossRef]
  28. V. Babushok, F. Deluciajr, P. Dagdigian, and A. Miziolek, “Experimental and kinetic modeling study of the laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy plume from metallic lead in argon,” Spectrochim. Acta, B At. Spectrosc. 60(7-8), 926–934 (2005). [CrossRef]
  29. M. Baudelet, L. Guyon, J. Yu, J. P. Wolf, T. Amodeo, E. Frejafon, and P. Laloi, “Femtosecond time-resolved laserinduced breakdown spectroscopy for detection and identification of bacteria: A comparison to the nanosecond regime,” J. Appl. Phys. 99(8), 084701 (2006). [CrossRef]
  30. R. Krasniker, V. Bulatov, and I. Schechter, “Study of matrix effects in laser plasma spectroscopy by shock wave propagation,” Spectrochim. Acta, B At. Spectrosc. 56(6), 609–618 (2001). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited