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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 19, Iss. 18 — Aug. 29, 2011
  • pp: 17267–17282

Comprehensive analysis of electrically-pumped GaSb-based VCSELs

S. Arafin, A. Bachmann, K. Vizbaras, A. Hangauer, J. Gustavsson, J. Bengtsson, A. Larsson, and M.-C. Amann  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 19, Issue 18, pp. 17267-17282 (2011)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.19.017267


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Abstract

This paper discusses several performance-related aspects of electrically-pumped GaSb-based buried tunnel junction VCSELs with an emission wavelength of 2.6 μm based on theoretical and experimental results. These results allow a deeper insight into the internal device physics, such as radial diffusion of carriers, maximum continuous-wave operating temperature, diffraction loss, internal temperature, gain and loss parameters, internal quantum efficiency of the active region etc. These parameters can be taken into account while designing mid-infrared lasers which leads to an improved device performance. A simple thermal model of the devices based on the two-dimensional (2-D) finite element method using the material data from the literature is also presented. In addition, an application-based result utilizing these lasers for the measurement of absolute water vapor concentration by wavelength modulation spectroscopy (WMS) method are also described, hinting that devices are well-suited for the targeted sensing applications.

© 2011 OSA

OCIS Codes
(140.5960) Lasers and laser optics : Semiconductor lasers
(140.7260) Lasers and laser optics : Vertical cavity surface emitting lasers

ToC Category:
Lasers and Laser Optics

History
Original Manuscript: May 23, 2011
Revised Manuscript: July 2, 2011
Manuscript Accepted: July 4, 2011
Published: August 18, 2011

Citation
S. Arafin, A. Bachmann, K. Vizbaras, A. Hangauer, J. Gustavsson, J. Bengtsson, A. Larsson, and M.-C. Amann, "Comprehensive analysis of electrically-pumped GaSb-based VCSELs," Opt. Express 19, 17267-17282 (2011)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-19-18-17267


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