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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 19, Iss. 18 — Aug. 29, 2011
  • pp: 17357–17371

Duration of ultrashort pulses in the presence of spatio-temporal coupling

C. Bourassin-Bouchet, M. Stephens, S. de Rossi, F. Delmotte, and P. Chavel  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 19, Issue 18, pp. 17357-17371 (2011)

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We report on a simple method allowing one to decompose the duration of arbitrary ultrashort light pulses, potentially distorted by space-time coupling, into four elementary durations. Such a decomposition shows that, in linear optics, a spatio-temporal pulse can be stretched with respect to its Fourier limit by only three independent phenomena: nonlinear frequency dependence of the spectral phase over the whole spatial extent of the pulse, spectral amplitude inhomogeneities in space, and spectral phase inhomogeneities in space. We illustrate such a decomposition using numerical simulations of complex spatio-temporal femtosecond and attosecond pulses. Finally we show that the contribution of two of these three effects to the pulse duration is measurable without any spectral phase characterization.

© 2011 OSA

OCIS Codes
(320.5520) Ultrafast optics : Pulse compression
(320.5550) Ultrafast optics : Pulses
(320.7100) Ultrafast optics : Ultrafast measurements

ToC Category:
Ultrafast Optics

Original Manuscript: June 28, 2011
Revised Manuscript: July 25, 2011
Manuscript Accepted: July 25, 2011
Published: August 18, 2011

C. Bourassin-Bouchet, M. Stephens, S. de Rossi, F. Delmotte, and P. Chavel, "Duration of ultrashort pulses in the presence of spatio-temporal coupling," Opt. Express 19, 17357-17371 (2011)

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