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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 19, Iss. 19 — Sep. 12, 2011
  • pp: 17925–17934

Optical gain in single tensile-strained germanium photonic wire

M. de Kersauson, M. El Kurdi, S. David, X. Checoury, G. Fishman, S. Sauvage, R. Jakomin, G. Beaudoin, I. Sagnes, and P. Boucaud  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 19, Issue 19, pp. 17925-17934 (2011)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.19.017925


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Abstract

We have investigated the optical properties of tensile-strained germanium photonic wires. The photonic wires patterned by electron beam lithography (50 μm long, 1 μm wide and 500 nm thick) are obtained by growing a n-doped germanium film on a GaAs substrate. Tensile strain is transferred in the germanium layer using a Si3N4 stressor. Tensile strain around 0.4% achieved by the technique corresponds to an optical recombination of tensile-strained germanium involving light hole band around 1690 nm at room temperature. We show that the waveguided emission associated with a single tensile-strained germanium wire increases superlinearly as a function of the illuminated length. A 20% decrease of the spectral broadening is observed as the pump intensity is increased. All these features are signatures of optical gain. A 80 cm−1 modal optical gain is derived from the variable strip length method. This value is accounted for by the calculated gain material value using a 30 band k · p formalism. These germanium wires represent potential building blocks for integration of nanoscale optical sources on silicon.

© 2011 OSA

OCIS Codes
(230.0250) Optical devices : Optoelectronics
(250.4480) Optoelectronics : Optical amplifiers
(300.6470) Spectroscopy : Spectroscopy, semiconductors
(310.6860) Thin films : Thin films, optical properties

ToC Category:
Optoelectronics

History
Original Manuscript: May 12, 2011
Revised Manuscript: July 22, 2011
Manuscript Accepted: August 1, 2011
Published: August 29, 2011

Citation
M. de Kersauson, M. El Kurdi, S. David, X. Checoury, G. Fishman, S. Sauvage, R. Jakomin, G. Beaudoin, I. Sagnes, and P. Boucaud, "Optical gain in single tensile-strained germanium photonic wire," Opt. Express 19, 17925-17934 (2011)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-19-19-17925


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