OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 19, Iss. 19 — Sep. 12, 2011
  • pp: 18164–18174

Full-automatic self-calibration of color digital cameras using color targets

F. Yılmaztürk  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 19, Issue 19, pp. 18164-18174 (2011)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1476 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



In photogrammetric applications, camera calibration and orientation procedures are a prerequisite for the extraction of precise and reliable 3D metric information from images. This study presents a method for full automatic calibration of color digital cameras using color targets. Software developed using Borland C + + Builder programming language is used to apply the method. With this software, the calibration process is carried out in 3 stages: firstly, at least four of six color targets (whose 3D object coordinates are known) on each image of the overall test field are detected and the approximate exterior orientation parameters are computed. Then, the remaining target points are measured using the approximate image locations, determined using these parameters and the 3D object point coordinates parameters. Finally, calibration parameters are determined using a self-calibration bundle adjustment technique. The colored targets within the test field are assigned labels corresponding to their color. For the detection of color targets and computation of approximate exterior orientation elements, HSV color space was used together with space resection computation method for all the possible color labels of targets. To test the proposed method, full automatic calibration was carried out using six different digital cameras. The calibration accuracies achieved in object space were within the range 0.006 to 0.030 mm; the accuracies achieved in image space were within the range 0.14 to 0.51 µm.

© 2011 OSA

OCIS Codes
(100.5010) Image processing : Pattern recognition
(120.3940) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Metrology
(350.4600) Other areas of optics : Optical engineering

ToC Category:
Image Processing

Original Manuscript: March 21, 2011
Revised Manuscript: May 16, 2011
Manuscript Accepted: June 3, 2011
Published: September 1, 2011

F. Yılmaztürk, "Full-automatic self-calibration of color digital cameras using color targets," Opt. Express 19, 18164-18174 (2011)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. F. Remondino and C. Fraser, “Digital camera calibration methods: considerations and comparisons,” Int. Arch. Photogramm. Remote Sens. Spat. Inf. Sci. 36(5), 266–272 (2006).
  2. C. Fraser, M. R. Shortis, and G. Ganci, “Multi-sensor system self-calibration,” in Video-metrics IV (SPIE, 1995), pp. 2–18.
  3. C. Fraser, “Digital camera self-calibration,” ISPRS J. Photogramm. Remote Sens. 52(4), 149–159 (1997). [CrossRef]
  4. S. Cronk, C. Fraser, and H. Hanley, “Automatic metric calibration of colour digital cameras,” Photogramm. Rec. 21(116), 355–372 (2006). [CrossRef]
  5. M. R. Shortis, T. A. Clarke, and T. Short, “Comparison of some techniques for the subpixel location of discrete target images,” Proc. SPIE  2350, 25 (1994).
  6. A. Koschan and M. Abidi, Digital Color Image Processing, 1st ed. (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2008).
  7. K. Kraus, “Photogrammetry,” vols 1, Bonn, Dümmler, ISBN 3–427–78686–6, 78653–6. (1997).
  8. J. O. Otepka, H. B. Hanley, and C. Fraser, “Algorithm developments for automated offline vision metrology,” Proceedings of the ISPRS Commission V Symposium, ISPRS 2002, Corfu, Greece, September, 1–2, pp. 60–67.
  9. M. R. Shortis, T. A. Clarke, and S. Robson, ““Practical testing of the precision and accuracy of target image centering algorithms,” Videometrics IV,” Proc. SPIE 2598, 65–76 (1995). [CrossRef]
  10. R. A. H. Munjy, and M. Hussain, “Closed-form space resection using photo scale variation,” Proceedings of the XVIII ISPRS Congress, Vienna, Austria, 9–19 June 1996.

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited