OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 19, Iss. 2 — Jan. 17, 2011
  • pp: 409–414

Single tilted Bragg reflector fiber laser for simultaneous sensing of refractive index and temperature

Allan C. L. Wong, W. H. Chung, Hwa-Yaw Tam, and Chao Lu  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 19, Issue 2, pp. 409-414 (2011)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.19.000409


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (937 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

A type of fiber laser, called tilted Bragg reflector fiber laser (TBR-FL), is proposed and its application in simultaneous sensing of surrounding refractive index (SRI) and temperature is demonstrated. This FL is formed by a pair of wavelength and tilt-angle matched tilted fiber Bragg gratings (TFBGs) that acted both as a resonant cavity and sensing element. A unique spectral feature of the TBR-FL is the presence of grating tilt-induced cladding modes spectrum that does not appear in other type of FL, which provides an extra sensing mechanism. By employing a simple experimental setup with the discrete wavelet transform as the demodulation technique, simultaneously sensing of SRI and temperature are achieved by measuring and analyzing the wavelet coefficients shifts of the laser output and averaged cladding modes.

© 2011 OSA

OCIS Codes
(060.2370) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics sensors
(280.3420) Remote sensing and sensors : Laser sensors
(060.3735) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber Bragg gratings
(060.3510) Fiber optics and optical communications : Lasers, fiber

ToC Category:
Sensors

History
Original Manuscript: October 26, 2010
Revised Manuscript: November 25, 2010
Manuscript Accepted: November 26, 2010
Published: January 3, 2011

Virtual Issues
Vol. 6, Iss. 2 Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics

Citation
Allan C. L. Wong, W. H. Chung, Hwa-Yaw Tam, and Chao Lu, "Single tilted Bragg reflector fiber laser for simultaneous sensing of refractive index and temperature," Opt. Express 19, 409-414 (2011)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-19-2-409


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. O. Frazão, L. A. Ferreira, F. M. Araujo, and J. L. Santos, “Applications of fiber optic grating technology to multi-parameter measurement,” Fiber Integr. Technol. 24(3), 227–244 (2005). [CrossRef]
  2. Y. Zhao and Y. B. Liao, “Discrimination methods and demodulation techniques for fiber Bragg grating sensors,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 41(1), 1–18 (2004). [CrossRef]
  3. J. Jung, H. Nam, J. H. Lee, N. Park, and B. Lee, “Simultaneous measurement of strain and temperature by use of a single-fiber Bragg grating and an erbium-doped fiber amplifier,” Appl. Opt. 38(13), 2749–2751 (1999). [CrossRef]
  4. J. Jung, N. Park, and B. Lee, “Simultaneous measurement of strain and temperature by use of a single fiber Bragg grating written in an erbium:ytterbium-doped fiber,” Appl. Opt. 39(7), 1118–1120 (2000). [CrossRef]
  5. X. Shu, B. A. L. Gwandu, Y. Liu, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, “Sampled fiber Bragg grating for simultaneous refractive-index and temperature measurement,” Opt. Lett. 26(11), 774–776 (2001). [CrossRef]
  6. T. V. Djambova and T. Mizunami, “Simultaneous sensing of temperature and displacement using a multimode fiber Bragg grating,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39(Part 1, No. 3B), 1566–1570 (2000). [CrossRef]
  7. C. L. Zhao, X. Yang, M. S. Demokan, and W. Jin, “Simultaneous temperature and refractive index measurements using a 3° slanted multimode fiber Bragg grating,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24(2), 879–883 (2006). [CrossRef]
  8. Y. Miao, B. Liu, and Q. Zhao, “Simultaneous measurement of strain and temperature using single tilted fibre Bragg grating,” Electron. Lett. 44(21), 1242 (2008). [CrossRef]
  9. Y. G. Han, T. V. A. Tran, S. H. Kim, and S. B. Lee, “Multiwavelength Raman-fiber-laser-based long-distance remote sensor for simultaneous measurement of strain and temperature,” Opt. Lett. 30(11), 1282–1284 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. T. V. A. Tran, Y. G. Han, S. H. Kim, and S. B. Lee, “Long-distance simultaneous measurement of strain and temperature based on a fiber Raman laser with a single fiber Bragg grating embedded on a quartz plate,” Opt. Lett. 30(13), 1632–1634 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. O. Hadeler, E. Rønnekleiv, M. Ibsen, and R. I. Laming, “Polarimetric distributed feedback fiber laser sensor for simultaneous strain and temperature measurements,” Appl. Opt. 38(10), 1953–1958 (1999). [CrossRef]
  12. O. Hadeler, M. Ibsen, and M. N. Zervas, “Distributed-feedback fiber laser sensor for simultaneous strain and temperature measurements operating in the radio-frequency domain,” Appl. Opt. 40(19), 3169–3175 (2001). [CrossRef]
  13. P. Childs, A. C. L. Wong, I. Leung, G. D. Peng, and Y. B. Liao, “An in-line in-fibre ring cavity sensor for localized multi-parameter sensing,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 19(6), 065302 (2008). [CrossRef]
  14. A. C. L. Wong, P. A. Childs, and G. D. Peng, “Simultaneous demodulation technique for a multiplexed fiber Fizeau interferometer and fiber Bragg grating sensor system,” Opt. Lett. 31(1), 23–25 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. A. C. L. Wong, P. A. Childs, and G. D. Peng, “Multiplexed fibre Fizeau interferometer and fibre Bragg grating sensor system for simultaneous measurement of quasi-static strain and temperature using discrete wavelet transform,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 17(2), 384–392 (2006). [CrossRef]
  16. Y. Miao, B. Liu, S. Tian, and Q. Zhao, “Temperature-insensitive refractive index sensor based on tilted fiber Bragg grating,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 51(2), 479–483 (2009). [CrossRef]
  17. C. F. Chan, C. Chen, A. Jafari, A. Laronche, D. J. Thomson, and J. Albert, “Optical fiber refractometer using narrowband cladding-mode resonance shifts,” Appl. Opt. 46(7), 1142–1149 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited