OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 19, Iss. 2 — Jan. 17, 2011
  • pp: 436–447

Two-center interference in high-order harmonic generation from heteronuclear diatomic molecules

Xiaosong Zhu, Qingbin Zhang, Weiyi Hong, Pengfei Lan, and Peixiang Lu  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 19, Issue 2, pp. 436-447 (2011)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.19.000436


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1178 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

Two-center interference for heteronuclear diatomic molecules (HeDM) is investigated. The minimum in the high-order harmonic spectrum, as a consequence of the destructive interference, is shifted to lower harmonic orders compared with that in a homonuclear case. This phenomenon is explained by performing phase analysis. It is found that, for an HeDM, the high harmonic spectrum contains information not only on the internuclear separation but also on the properties of the two separate centers, which implies the potential application of estimating the asymmetry of molecules and judging the linear combination of atomic orbitals (LCAO) for the highest occupied molecular orbital (HOMO). Moreover, the possibility to monitor the evolution of HOMO itself in molecular dynamics is also promised.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(190.4160) Nonlinear optics : Multiharmonic generation
(190.7110) Nonlinear optics : Ultrafast nonlinear optics
(300.6560) Spectroscopy : Spectroscopy, x-ray

ToC Category:
Nonlinear Optics

History
Original Manuscript: November 8, 2010
Revised Manuscript: December 17, 2010
Manuscript Accepted: December 18, 2010
Published: January 3, 2011

Citation
Xiaosong Zhu, Qingbin Zhang, Weiyi Hong, Pengfei Lan, and Peixiang Lu, "Two-center interference in high-order harmonic generation from heteronuclear diatomic molecules," Opt. Express 19, 436-447 (2011)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-19-2-436


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. M. Lewenstein, Ph. Balcou, M. Yu. Ivanov, A. L’Huillier, and P. B. Corkum, “Theory of high-harmonic generation by low-frequency laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 49, 2117–2132 (1994). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. W. Cao, P. Lu, P. Lan, X. Wang, and Y. Li, “Control of the launch of attosecond pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 75, 063423 (2007). [CrossRef]
  3. P. Lan, P. Lu, W. Cao, and X. Wang, “Efficient generation of an isolated single-cycle attosecond pulse,” Phys. Rev. A 76, 043808 (2007). [CrossRef]
  4. E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. S. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. L. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Single-cycle nonlinear optics,” Science 320, 1614–1617 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. W. Hong, P. Lu, Q. Li, and Q. Zhang, “Broadband water window supercontinuum generation with a tailored mid-IR pulse in neutral media,” Opt. Lett. 34, 2102–2104 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. S. Gilbertson, S. D. Khan, Y. Wu, M. Chini, and Z. Chang, “Isolated attosecond pulse generation without the need to stabilize the carrier-envelope phase of driving lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 093902 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. J. Itatani, J. Levesque, D. Zeidler, H. Niikura, H. Pépin, J. C. Kieffer, P. B. Corkum, and D. M. Villeneuve, “Tomographic imaging of molecular orbitals,” Nature 432, 867–871 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. W. Li, X. Zhou, R. Lock, S. Patchkovskii, A. Stolow, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, “Time-resolved dynamics in N2O4 probed using high harmonic generation,” Science 322, 1207–1211 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. O. Smirnova, Y. Mairesse, S. Patchkovskii, N. Dudovich, D. Villeneuve, P. Corkum, and M. Yu. Ivanov, “High harmonic interferometry of multi-electron dynamics in molecules,” Nature 460, 972–977 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. X. Zhou, R. Lock, N. Wagner, W. Li, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, “Elliptically polarized high-order harmonic emission from molecules in linearly polarized laser fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 073902 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. O. Smirnova, S. Patchkovskii, Y. Mairesse, N. Dudovich, D. Villeneuve, P. Corkum, and M. Yu. Ivanov, “Attosecond circular dichroism spectroscopy of polyatomic molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 063601 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. M. Lein, N. Hay, R. Velotta, J. P. Marangos, and P. L. Knight, “Role of the intramolecular phase in high-harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 183903 (2002). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. M. Lein, N. Hay, R. Velotta, J. P. Marangos, and P. L. Knight, “Interference effects in high-order harmonic generation with molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 66, 023805 (2002). [CrossRef]
  14. G. L. Kamta, and A. D. Bandrauk, “Three-dimensional time-profile analysis of high-order harmonic generation in molecules: nuclear interferences in H+2,” Phys. Rev. A 71, 053407 (2005). [CrossRef]
  15. T. Kanai, S. Minemoto, and H. Sakai, “Quantum interference during high-order harmonic generation from aligned molecules,” Nature 435, 470–474 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. C. Vozzi, F. Calegari, E. Benedetti, J. P. Caumes, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, M. Nisoli, R. Torres, E. Heesel, N. Kajumba, J. P. Marangos, C. Altucci, and R. Velotta, “Controlling two-center interference in molecular high harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 153902 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. M. Lein, “Molecular imaging using recolliding electrons,” J. Phys. B 39, R135–R173 (2007). [CrossRef]
  18. S. Baker, J. S. Robinson, M. Lein, C. C. Chirilă, R. Torres, H. C. Bandulet, D. Comtois, J. C. Kieffer, D. M. Villeneuve, J.W. G. Tisch, and J. P. Marangos, “Dynamic two-center interference in high-order harmonic generation from molecules with attosecond nuclear motion,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 053901 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. Y. J. Chen, J. Liu, and B. Hu, “Reading molecular messages from high-order harmonic spectra at different orientation angles,” J. Chem. Phys. 130, 044311 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. C. Figueira de Morisson Faria, and B. B. Augstein, “Molecular high-order harmonic generation with more than one active orbital: quantum interference effects,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 043409 (2010). [CrossRef]
  21. C. Vozzi, F. Calegari, E. Benedetti, R. Berlasso, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, M. Nisoli, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, R. Torres, E. Heesel, N. Kajumba, and J. P. Marangos, “Probing two-centre interference in molecular high harmonic generation,” J. Phys. B 39, S457–S466 (2006). [CrossRef]
  22. R. Torres, T. Siegel, L. Brugnera, I. Procino, J. G. Underwood, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, E. Springate, C. Froud, I. C. E. Turcu, M. Yu. Ivanov, O. Smirnova, and J. P. Marangos, “Extension of high harmonic spectroscopy in molecules by a 1300 nm laser field,” Opt. Express 18, 3174–3180 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. R. M. Lock, X. Zhou, W. Li, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Measuring the intensity and phase of highorder harmonic emission from aligned molecules,” Chem. Phys. 366, 22–32 (2009). [CrossRef]
  24. M. J. Frisch, G. W. Trucks, H. B. Schlegel, G. E. Scuseria, M. A. Robb, J. R. Cheeseman, J. A. Montgomery, Jr., T. Vreven, K. N. Kudin, J. C. Burant, J. M. Millam, S. S. Iyengar, J. Tomasi, V. Barone, B. Mennucci, M. Cossi, G. Scalmani, N. Rega, G. A. Petersson, H. Nakatsuji, M. Hada, M. Ehara, K. Toyota, R. Fukuda, J. Hasegawa, M. Ishida, T. Nakajima, Y. Honda, O. Kitao, H. Nakai, M. Klene, X. Li, J. E. Knox, H. P. Hratchian, J. B. Cross, V. Bakken, C. Adamo, J. Jaramillo, R. Gomperts, R. E. Stratmann, O. Yazyev, A. J. Austin, R. Cammi, C. Pomelli, J. W. Ochterski, P. Y. Ayala, K. Morokuma, G. A. Voth, P. Salvador, J. J. Dannenberg, V. G. Zakrzewski, S. Dapprich, A. D. Daniels, M. C. Strain, O. Farkas, D. K. Malick, A. D. Rabuck, K. Raghavachari, J. B. Foresman, J. V. Ortiz, Q. Cui, A. G. Baboul, S. Clifford, J. Cioslowski, B. B. Stefanov, G. Liu, A. Liashenko, P. Piskorz, I. Komaromi, R. L. Martin, D. J. Fox, T. Keith, M. A. Al-Laham, C. Y. Peng, A. Nanayakkara, M. Challacombe, P. M. W. Gill, B. Johnson, W. Chen, M. W. Wong, C. Gonzalez, and J. A. Pople, “Gaussian 03, Revision C.02,” Gaussian Inc., Wallingford, CT (2010).
  25. A. D. Bandrauk, S. Chelkowski, D. J. Diestler, J. Manz, and K.-J. Yuan, “Quantum simulation of high-order harmonic spectra of the hydrogen atom,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 023403 (2009). [CrossRef]
  26. T. Kanai, S. Minemoto, and H. Sakai, “Ellipticity dependence of high-order harmonic generation from aligned molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 053002 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  27. Y. J. Chen, and B. Hu, “Strong-field approximation for diatomic molecules: comparison between the length gauge and the vlocity gauge,” Phys. Rev. A 80, 033408 (2009). [CrossRef]
  28. E. J. Takahashi, T. Kanai, Y. Nabekawa, and K. Midorikawa, “10 mJ class femtosecond optical parametric amplifier for generating soft x-ray harmonics,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 041111 (2008). [CrossRef]
  29. D. Shafir, Y. Mairesse, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, and N. Dudovich, “Atomic wavefunctions probed through strong-field light-matter interaction,” Nat. Phys. 5, 412–416 (2009). [CrossRef]
  30. G. L. Kamta, A. D. Bandrauk, and P. B. Corkum, “Asymmetry in the harmonic generation from nonsymmetric molecules,” J. Phys. B 38, L339–L346 (2005). [CrossRef]
  31. Q. Zhang, P. Lu, W. Hong, Q. Liao, and S. Wang, “Control of high-order harmonic generation from molecules lacking inversion symmetry with a polarization gating method,” Phys. Rev. A 80, 033405 (2009). [CrossRef]
  32. A. Etches, and L. B. Madsen, “Extending the strong-field approximation of high-order harmonic generation to polar molecules: gating mechanisms and extension of the harmonic cutoff,” J. Phys. B 43, 155602 (2010). [CrossRef]
  33. B. K. McFarland, J. P. Farrell, P. H. Bucksbaum, and M. Gühr, “High harmonic generation from multiple orbitals in N2,” Science 322, 1232–1235 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited