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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 19, Iss. 2 — Jan. 17, 2011
  • pp: 679–686

Shot noise limited characterization of ultraweak femtosecond pulse trains

Osip Schwartz, Oren Raz, Ori Katz, Nirit Dudovich, and Dan Oron  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 19, Issue 2, pp. 679-686 (2011)

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Ultrafast science is inherently, due to the lack of fast enough detectors and electronics, based on nonlinear interactions. Typically, however, nonlinear measurements require significant powers and often operate in a limited spectral range. Here we overcome the difficulties of ultraweak ultrafast measurements by precision time-domain localization of spectral components. We utilize this for linear self-referenced characterization of pulse trains having ∼ 1 photon per pulse, a regime in which nonlinear techniques are impractical, at a temporal resolution of ∼ 10 fs. This technique does not only set a new scale of sensitivity in ultrashort pulse characterization, but is also applicable in any spectral range from the near-infrared to the deep UV.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(300.6500) Spectroscopy : Spectroscopy, time-resolved
(320.7160) Ultrafast optics : Ultrafast technology

ToC Category:
Ultrafast Optics

Original Manuscript: October 11, 2010
Revised Manuscript: December 9, 2010
Manuscript Accepted: December 13, 2010
Published: January 5, 2011

Osip Schwartz, Oren Raz, Ori Katz, Nirit Dudovich, and Dan Oron, "Shot noise limited characterization of ultraweak femtosecond pulse trains," Opt. Express 19, 679-686 (2011)

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