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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 19, Iss. 2 — Jan. 17, 2011
  • pp: 906–912

Optical coupling and splitting with two parallel waveguide tapers

S. H. Tao  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 19, Issue 2, pp. 906-912 (2011)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.19.000906


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Abstract

A coupling and splitting device comprising a width taper and a spatial-modulated subwavelength grating waveguide (SSGW) is proposed. The width taper is a waveguide with increasing width and the SSGW is a waveguide grating whose width and thickness are constant but the filling factor increases along the light propagation. Thus, the effective index of the subwavelength grating increases according to the effective medium theory. Light of orthogonal polarizations from a single-mode fiber can be coupled efficiently with the two parallel tapers. Furthermore, the coupled lights of orthogonal polarizations in the two tapers can be further split with connecting bent waveguides. Fabrication of the device is fully compatible with current complementary metal oxide semiconductor technology.

© 2011 OSA

OCIS Codes
(060.1810) Fiber optics and optical communications : Buffers, couplers, routers, switches, and multiplexers
(230.5440) Optical devices : Polarization-selective devices
(230.7380) Optical devices : Waveguides, channeled

ToC Category:
Optical Devices

History
Original Manuscript: July 27, 2010
Revised Manuscript: December 2, 2010
Manuscript Accepted: December 15, 2010
Published: January 7, 2011

Citation
S. H. Tao, "Optical coupling and splitting with two parallel waveguide tapers," Opt. Express 19, 906-912 (2011)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-19-2-906


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