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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 19, Iss. 20 — Sep. 26, 2011
  • pp: 18789–18794

Contours of slopes of a rippled water surface

Charles Cox and Xin Zhang  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 19, Issue 20, pp. 18789-18794 (2011)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.19.018789


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Abstract

The appearance of a horizontal array of linear lamps below the water surface when viewed from above is approximately in the form of contours of one component of the water surface slope. The degree of approximation is a fraction of one percent when this method is used to describe the slopes of a wind ruffled surface. An extension of the method to image both components of slope requires two arrays of lamps pulsed alternately and in synchronism with a fast camera.

© 2011 OSA

OCIS Codes
(010.4450) Atmospheric and oceanic optics : Oceanic optics
(120.6660) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Surface measurements, roughness
(080.4295) Geometric optics : Nonimaging optical systems

ToC Category:
Ocean Optics

History
Original Manuscript: July 14, 2011
Revised Manuscript: August 25, 2011
Manuscript Accepted: August 27, 2011
Published: September 12, 2011

Virtual Issues
Vol. 6, Iss. 10 Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics

Citation
Charles Cox and Xin Zhang, "Contours of slopes of a rippled water surface," Opt. Express 19, 18789-18794 (2011)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-19-20-18789


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References

  1. P. A. Hwang, D. B. Trizna, and J. Wu, “Spatial measurements of short wind waves using a scanning slope sensor,” Dyn. Atmos. Oceans20(1-2), 1–23 (1993). [CrossRef]
  2. C. Cox and X. Zhang, “Optical methods for study of sea surface roughness and microscale turbulence,” in Proc. SPIE, Optical Technology in Fluid, Thermal, and Combustion Flow, III, Vol. 3172, S. S. Cha, J. D. Trolinger, and M. Kawahashi, ed. (1997).
  3. T. E. Hara, J. Bock, J. B. Edson, and W. R. McGillis, “Observation of short wind waves in coastal waters,” J. Phys. Oceanogr.28(7), 1425–1438 (1998). [CrossRef]
  4. C. J. Zappa, M. L. Banner, H. Schultz, A. Corrada-Emmanuel, L. B. Wolff, and J. Yalcin, “Retrieval of short ocean wave slope using polarimetric imaging,” Meas. Sci. Technol.19(5), 055503 (2008), doi:. [CrossRef]
  5. F. M. Bréon and N. Henriot, “Spaceborne observations of ocean glint reflectance and modeling of wave slope distributions,” J. Geophys. Res.111(C6), C06005 (2006), doi:. [CrossRef]

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