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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 19, Iss. 21 — Oct. 10, 2011
  • pp: 19993–20002

Application of cavity ring-down spectroscopy to the Boltzmann constant determination

Y. R. Sun, H. Pan, C.-F. Cheng, A.-W. Liu, J.-T. Zhang, and S.-M. Hu  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 19, Issue 21, pp. 19993-20002 (2011)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.19.019993


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Abstract

The Boltzmann constant can be optically determined by measuring the Doppler width of an absorption line of molecules at gas phase. We propose to apply a near infrared cavity ring-down (CRD) spectrometer for this purpose. The superior sensitivity of CRD spectroscopy and the good performance of the near-ir lasers can provide ppm (part-per-million) accuracy which will be competitive to present most accurate result obtained from the speed of sound in argon measurement. The possible influence to the uncertainty of the determined Doppler width from different causes are investigated, which includes the signal-to-noise level, laser frequency stability, detecting nonlinearity, and pressure broadening effect. The analysis shows that the CRD spectroscopy has some remarkable advantages over the direct absorption method proposed before. The design of the experimental setup is presented and the measurement of C2H2 line near 0.8 μm at room temperature has been carried out as a test of the instrument.

© 2011 OSA

OCIS Codes
(020.3690) Atomic and molecular physics : Line shapes and shifts
(120.3940) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Metrology
(300.6360) Spectroscopy : Spectroscopy, laser

ToC Category:
Spectroscopy

History
Original Manuscript: June 27, 2011
Revised Manuscript: August 16, 2011
Manuscript Accepted: September 12, 2011
Published: September 28, 2011

Citation
Y. R. Sun, H. Pan, C.-F. Cheng, A.-W. Liu, J.-T. Zhang, and S.-M. Hu, "Application of cavity ring-down spectroscopy to the Boltzmann constant determination," Opt. Express 19, 19993-20002 (2011)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-19-21-19993


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