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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 19, Iss. 21 — Oct. 10, 2011
  • pp: 20069–20078

Characteristics of embedded-core hollow optical fiber

Chunying Guan, Fengjun Tian, Qiang Dai, and Libo Yuan  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 19, Issue 21, pp. 20069-20078 (2011)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.19.020069


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Abstract

We propose a novel embedded-core hollow optical fiber composed of a central air hole, a semi-elliptical core, and an annular cladding. The fiber characteristics are investigated based on the finite element method (FEM), including mode properties, birefringence, confinement loss, evanescent field and bending loss. The results reveal that the embedded-core hollow optical fiber has a non-zero cut-off frequency for the fundamental mode. The birefringence of the hollow optical fiber is insensitive to the size of the central air hole and ultra-sensitive to the thickness of the cladding between the core and the air hole. Both thin cladding between the core and the air hole and small core ellipticity lead to high birefringence. An ultra-low birefringence fiber can be achieved by selecting a proper ellipticity of the core. The embedded-core hollow optical fiber holds a strong evanescent field due to special structure of thin cladding and therefore it is of importance for potential applications such as gas and biochemical sensors. The bending losses are measured experimentally. The bending loss strongly depends on bending orientations of the fiber. The proposed fiber can be used as polarization interference devices if the orientation angle of the fiber core is neither 0° nor 90°.

© 2011 OSA

OCIS Codes
(060.2270) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber characterization
(060.2370) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics sensors
(060.2420) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fibers, polarization-maintaining
(060.4005) Fiber optics and optical communications : Microstructured fibers

ToC Category:
Fiber Optics and Optical Communications

History
Original Manuscript: July 15, 2011
Revised Manuscript: August 29, 2011
Manuscript Accepted: September 1, 2011
Published: September 29, 2011

Citation
Chunying Guan, Fengjun Tian, Qiang Dai, and Libo Yuan, "Characteristics of embedded-core hollow optical fiber," Opt. Express 19, 20069-20078 (2011)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-19-21-20069


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