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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 19, Iss. 21 — Oct. 10, 2011
  • pp: 20420–20434

The biaxial nonlinear crystal BiB3O6 as a polarization entangled photon source using non-collinear type-II parametric down-conversion

A. Halevy, E. Megidish, L. Dovrat, H.S. Eisenberg, P. Becker, and L. Bohatý  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 19, Issue 21, pp. 20420-20434 (2011)

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We describe the full characterization of the biaxial nonlinear crystal BiB3O6 (BiBO) as a polarization entangled photon source using non-collinear type-II parametric down-conversion. We consider the relevant parameters for crystal design, such as cutting angles, polarization of the photons, effective nonlinearity, spatial and temporal walk-offs, crystal thickness and the effect of the pump laser bandwidth. Experimental results showing entanglement generation with high rates and a comparison to the well investigated β-BaB2O4 (BBO) crystal are presented as well. Changing the down-conversion crystal of a polarization entangled photon source from BBO to BiBO enhances the generation rate as if the pump power was increased by 2.5 times. Such an improvement is currently required for the generation of multiphoton entangled states.

© 2011 OSA

OCIS Codes
(190.4400) Nonlinear optics : Nonlinear optics, materials
(190.4410) Nonlinear optics : Nonlinear optics, parametric processes
(260.1180) Physical optics : Crystal optics
(270.0270) Quantum optics : Quantum optics
(270.5585) Quantum optics : Quantum information and processing

ToC Category:
Nonlinear Optics

Original Manuscript: June 28, 2011
Revised Manuscript: September 11, 2011
Manuscript Accepted: September 12, 2011
Published: October 3, 2011

A. Halevy, E. Megidish, L. Dovrat, H.S. Eisenberg, P. Becker, and L. Bohatý, "The biaxial nonlinear crystal BiB3O6 as a polarization entangled photon source using non-collinear type-II parametric down-conversion," Opt. Express 19, 20420-20434 (2011)

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