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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 19, Iss. 21 — Oct. 10, 2011
  • pp: 20940–20952

Creating effective focus cues in multi-plane 3D displays

Sowmya Ravikumar, Kurt Akeley, and Martin S. Banks  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 19, Issue 21, pp. 20940-20952 (2011)

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Focus cues are incorrect in conventional stereoscopic displays. This causes a dissociation of vergence and accommodation, which leads to visual fatigue and perceptual distortions. Multi-plane displays can minimize these problems by creating nearly correct focus cues. But to create the appearance of continuous depth in a multi-plane display, one needs to use depth-weighted blending: i.e., distribute light intensity between adjacent planes. Akeley et al. [ACM Trans. Graph. 23, 804 (2004)] and Liu and Hua [Opt. Express 18, 11562 (2009)] described rather different rules for depth-weighted blending. We examined the effectiveness of those and other rules using a model of a typical human eye and biologically plausible metrics for image quality. We find that the linear blending rule proposed by Akeley and colleagues [ACM Trans. Graph. 23, 804 (2004)] is the best solution for natural stimuli.

© 2011 OSA

OCIS Codes
(120.2040) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Displays
(330.1400) Vision, color, and visual optics : Vision - binocular and stereopsis

ToC Category:
Vision, Color, and Visual Optics

Original Manuscript: August 5, 2011
Revised Manuscript: September 22, 2011
Manuscript Accepted: September 24, 2011
Published: October 6, 2011

Sowmya Ravikumar, Kurt Akeley, and Martin S. Banks, "Creating effective focus cues in multi-plane 3D displays," Opt. Express 19, 20940-20952 (2011)

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