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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 19, Iss. 22 — Oct. 24, 2011
  • pp: 21333–21344

Characterization of high-resolution diffractive X-ray optics by ptychographic coherent diffractive imaging

Joan Vila-Comamala, Ana Diaz, Manuel Guizar-Sicairos, Alexandre Mantion, Cameron M. Kewish, Andreas Menzel, Oliver Bunk, and Christian David  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 19, Issue 22, pp. 21333-21344 (2011)

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We have employed ptychographic coherent diffractive imaging to completely characterize the focal spot wavefield and wavefront aberrations of a high-resolution diffractive X-ray lens. The ptychographic data from a strongly scattering object was acquired using the radiation cone emanating from a coherently illuminated Fresnel zone plate at a photon energy of 6.2 keV. Reconstructed images of the object were retrieved with a spatial resolution of 8 nm by combining the difference-map phase retrieval algorithm with a non-linear optimization refinement. By numerically propagating the reconstructed illumination function, we have obtained the X-ray wavefield profile of the 23 nm round focus of the Fresnel zone plate (outermost zone width, Δr = 20 nm) as well as the X-ray wavefront at the exit pupil of the lens. The measurements of the wavefront aberrations were repeatable to within a root mean square error of 0.006 waves, and we demonstrate that they can be related to manufacturing aspects of the diffractive optical element and to errors on the incident X-ray wavefront introduced by the upstream beamline optics.

© 2011 OSA

OCIS Codes
(100.5070) Image processing : Phase retrieval
(120.5050) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Phase measurement
(340.0340) X-ray optics : X-ray optics
(340.6720) X-ray optics : Synchrotron radiation
(340.7460) X-ray optics : X-ray microscopy
(050.1965) Diffraction and gratings : Diffractive lenses

ToC Category:
X-ray Optics

Original Manuscript: August 9, 2011
Revised Manuscript: September 9, 2011
Manuscript Accepted: September 12, 2011
Published: October 12, 2011

Joan Vila-Comamala, Ana Diaz, Manuel Guizar-Sicairos, Alexandre Mantion, Cameron M. Kewish, Andreas Menzel, Oliver Bunk, and Christian David, "Characterization of high-resolution diffractive X-ray optics by ptychographic coherent diffractive imaging," Opt. Express 19, 21333-21344 (2011)

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