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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 19, Iss. 24 — Nov. 21, 2011
  • pp: 24468–24482

Remnants of semiclassical bistability in the few-photon regime of cavity QED

Joseph Kerckhoff, Michael A. Armen, and Hideo Mabuchi  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 19, Issue 24, pp. 24468-24482 (2011)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.19.024468


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Abstract

Broadband homodyne detection of the light transmitted by a Fabry-Perot cavity containing a strongly-coupled 133Cs atom is used to probe the dynamic optical response in a regime where semiclassical theory predicts bistability but strong quantum corrections should apply. While quantum fluctuations destabilize true equilibrium bistability, our observations confirm the existence of metastable states with finite lifetimes and a hysteretic response is apparent when the optical drive is modulated on comparable timescales. Our experiment elucidates remnant semiclassical behavior in the attojoule (∼ 10 photon) regime of single-atom cavity QED, of potential significance for ultra-low power photonic signal processing.

© 2011 OSA

OCIS Codes
(000.1600) General : Classical and quantum physics
(020.5580) Atomic and molecular physics : Quantum electrodynamics
(130.3750) Integrated optics : Optical logic devices
(190.1450) Nonlinear optics : Bistability
(190.3100) Nonlinear optics : Instabilities and chaos
(270.2500) Quantum optics : Fluctuations, relaxations, and noise
(020.1335) Atomic and molecular physics : Atom optics
(130.4815) Integrated optics : Optical switching devices

ToC Category:
Atomic and Molecular Physics

Citation
Joseph Kerckhoff, Michael A. Armen, and Hideo Mabuchi, "Remnants of semiclassical bistability in the few-photon regime of cavity QED," Opt. Express 19, 24468-24482 (2011)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-19-24-24468


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