OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 19, Iss. 26 — Dec. 12, 2011
  • pp: B952–B957

First demonstration and detailed characterization of a multimode amplifier for space division multiplexed transmission systems

Y. Jung, S. Alam, Z. Li, A. Dhar, D. Giles, I. P. Giles, J. K. Sahu, F. Poletti, L. Grüner-Nielsen, and D. J. Richardson  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 19, Issue 26, pp. B952-B957 (2011)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.19.00B952


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1088 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

We present the first demonstration of a multimode (two mode-group) erbium-doped fiber amplifier for Space Division Multiplexed (SDM) applications and demonstrate various design and performance features of such devices. In particular we experimentally demonstrate that differential modal gains can be controlled and reduced both by fiber design and control of the pump field distribution. Using a suitably designed fiber we demonstrate simultaneous modal gains of ~20dB for different pair-wise combinations of spatial and polarization modes in an EDFA supporting amplification of 6 distinct modes.

© 2011 OSA

OCIS Codes
(060.0060) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics and optical communications
(060.2320) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics amplifiers and oscillators

ToC Category:
Fibers, Fiber Devices, and Amplifiers

History
Original Manuscript: November 2, 2011
Manuscript Accepted: December 6, 2011
Published: December 12, 2011

Virtual Issues
European Conference on Optical Communication 2011 (2011) Optics Express

Citation
Y. Jung, S. Alam, Z. Li, A. Dhar, D. Giles, I. P. Giles, J. K. Sahu, F. Poletti, L. Grüner-Nielsen, and D. J. Richardson, "First demonstration and detailed characterization of a multimode amplifier for space division multiplexed transmission systems," Opt. Express 19, B952-B957 (2011)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-19-26-B952


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. A. D. Ellis, J. Zhao, and D. Cotter, “Approaching the non-linear Shannon limit,” J. Lightwave Technol.28(4), 423–433 (2010). [CrossRef]
  2. P. J. Winzer and G. J. Foschini, “MIMO capacities and outage probabilities in spatially multiplexed optical transport systems,” Opt. Express19(17), 16680–16696 (2011), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-19-17-16680 . [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. R. W. Tkach, “Scaling optical communications for the next decade and beyond,” Bell Labs Tech. J.14(4), 3–9 (2010). [CrossRef]
  4. R.-J. Essiambre, G. Kramer, P. J. Winzer, G. J. Foschini, and B. Goebel, “Capacity Limits of Optical Fiber Networks,” J. Lightwave Technol.28(4), 662–701 (2010). [CrossRef]
  5. R. Ryf, S. Randel, A. H. Gnauck, C. Bolle, R. Essiambre, P. Winzer, D. W. Peckham, A. McCurdy, and R. Lingle, “Space-division multiplexing over 10km of three-mode fiber using coherent 6x6 MIMO processing,” in Proc. of OFC/NFOEC’11 (Optical Society of America, Washington, 2011), PDPB10.
  6. J. Sakaguchi, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, A. Kanno, T. Kawanishi, T. Hayashi, T. Taru, T. Kobayashi, and M. Watanabe, “109-Tb/s (7x97x1720Gb/s SDM/WDM/PDM) QPSK transmission through 16.8-km homogeneous multi-core fiber,” in Proc. of OFC/NFOEC’11 (Optical Society of America, Washington, 2011), PDPB6.
  7. S. Randel, R. Ryf, A. Sierra, P. J. Winzer, A. H. Gnauck, C. A. Bolle, R. J. Essiambre, D. W. Peckham, A. McCurdy, and R. Lingle., “6×56-Gb/s mode-division multiplexed transmission over 33-km few-mode fiber enabled by 6×6 MIMO equalization,” Opt. Express19(17), 16697–16707 (2011), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-19-17-16697 . [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. C. Koebele, M. Salsi, D. Sperti, P. Tran, P. Brindel, H. Mardoyan, S. Bigo, A. Boutin, F. Verluise, P. Sillard, M. Astruc, L. Provost, F. Cerou, and G. Charlet, “Two mode transmission at 2×100 Gb/s, over 40 km-long prototype few-mode fiber, using LCOS-based programmable mode multiplexer and demultiplexer,” Opt. Express19(17), 16593–16600 (2011), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-19-17-16593 . [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. E. Ip, N. Bai, Y. Huang, E. Mateo, F. Yaman, S. Bickham, H. Tam, C. Lu, M. Li, S. Ten, A. P. T. Lau, V. Tse, G. Peng, C. Montero, X. Prieto, and G. Li, “88x3x112-Gb/s WDM Transmission over 50-km of Three-Mode Fiber with Inline Multimode Fiber Amplifier,” in Proc. of ECOC’11 (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper Th.13.C.2.
  10. B. Zhu, T. F. Taunay, M. Fishteyn, X. Liu, S. Chandrasekhar, M. F. Yan, J. M. Fini, E. M. Monberg, and F. V. Dimarcello, “112-Tb/s space-division multiplexed DWDM transmission with 14-b/s/Hz aggregate spectral efficiency over a 76.8-km seven-core fiber,” Opt. Express19(17), 16665–16671 (2011), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-19-17-16665 . [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. A. Al Amin, A. Li, S. Chen, X. Chen, G. Gao, and W. Shieh, “Dual-LP11 mode 4×4 MIMO-OFDM transmission over a two-mode fiber,” Opt. Express19(17), 16672–16679 (2011), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-19-17-16672 . [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. A. Al Amin, A. Li, X. Chen, and W. Shieh, “LP01/LP11 dual-mode and dual-polarisation CO-OFDM transmission on two-mode fibre,” Electron. Lett.47(10), 606–608 (2011). [CrossRef]
  13. P. M. Krummrich, “Optical amplification and optical filter based signal processing for cost and energy efficient spatial multiplexing,” Opt. Express19(17), 16636–16652 (2011), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-19-17-16636 . [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. K. S. Abedin, T. F. Taunay, M. Fishteyn, M. F. Yan, B. Zhu, J. M. Fini, E. M. Monberg, F. V. Dimarcello, and P. W. Wisk, “Amplification and noise properties of an erbium-doped multicore fiber amplifier,” Opt. Express19(17), 16715–16721 (2011), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-19-17-16715 . [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. N. Bai, E. Ip, T. Wang, and G. Li, “Multimode fiber amplifier with tunable modal gain using a reconfigurable multimode pump,” Opt. Express19(17), 16601–16611 (2011), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-19-17-16601 . [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. Y. Jung, S. Alam, Z. Li, A. Dhar, D. Giles, I. Giles, J. Sahu, L. Gruner-Nielsen, F. Poletti, and D. J. Richardson, “First demonstration of multimode amplifier for spatial division multiplexed transmission systems,” in Proc. of ECOC’11, (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper Th.13.K.4.
  17. R. C. Youngquist, J. L. Brooks, and H. J. Shaw, “Two-mode fiber modal coupler,” Opt. Lett.9(5), 177–179 (1984). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. J. N. Blake, B. Y. Kim, and H. J. Shaw, “Fiber-optic modal coupler using periodic microbending,” Opt. Lett.11(3), 177–179 (1986). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

Figures

Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 3
 
Fig. 4
 

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited