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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 19, Iss. 27 — Dec. 19, 2011
  • pp: 26470–26485

Surface nanoscale axial photonics

M. Sumetsky and J. M. Fini  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 19, Issue 27, pp. 26470-26485 (2011)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.19.026470


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Abstract

Dense photonic integration promises to revolutionize optical computing and communications. However, efforts towards this goal face unacceptable attenuation of light caused by surface roughness in microscopic devices. Here we address this problem by introducing Surface Nanoscale Axial Photonics (SNAP). The SNAP platform is based on whispering gallery modes circulating around the optical fiber surface and undergoing slow axial propagation readily described by the one-dimensional Schrödinger equation. These modes can be steered with dramatically small nanoscale variation of the fiber radius, which is quite simple to introduce in practice. Extremely low loss of SNAP devices is achieved due to the low surface roughness inherent in a drawn fiber surface. In excellent agreement with the developed theory, we experimentally demonstrate localization of light in quantum wells, halting light by a point source, tunneling through potential barriers, dark states, etc. This demonstration has intriguing potential applications in filtering, switching, slowing light, and sensing.

© 2011 OSA

OCIS Codes
(060.2340) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics components
(230.3990) Optical devices : Micro-optical devices
(140.3945) Lasers and laser optics : Microcavities

ToC Category:
Integrated Optics

History
Original Manuscript: October 24, 2011
Revised Manuscript: November 27, 2011
Manuscript Accepted: November 28, 2011
Published: December 13, 2011

Virtual Issues
Vol. 7, Iss. 2 Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics

Citation
M. Sumetsky and J. M. Fini, "Surface nanoscale axial photonics," Opt. Express 19, 26470-26485 (2011)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-19-27-26470


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