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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 19, Iss. 3 — Jan. 31, 2011
  • pp: 2111–2119

Steady optical spectra and light propagation dynamics in cold atomic samples with homogeneous or inhomogeneous densities

Yan Zhang, Yan Xue, Gang Wang, Cui-Li Cui, Rong Wang, and Jin-Hui Wu  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 19, Issue 3, pp. 2111-2119 (2011)

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We study both steady and dynamic optical responses of three samples with the same amounts of cold atoms but very different density functions. These samples are driven into the regime of electromagnetically induced transparency by a probe and a coupling in the Lambda configuration. When the coupling is in the traveling-wave pattern, all samples have the same transmission spectra and therefore identical transmitted pulses at the sample exits. In the case of a standing-wave coupling, however, very different reflection and transmission spectra are found for the three samples. Accordingly, reflected pulses at the sample entrances and transmitted pulses at the sample exits are quite sensitive to the spatial inhomogeneity of cold atoms. These interesting phenomena are qualitatively analyzed in terms of constructive and destructive interference between forward and backward probe photons scattered by a standing-wave atomic grating.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(270.0270) Quantum optics : Quantum optics
(270.1670) Quantum optics : Coherent optical effects
(160.5293) Materials : Photonic bandgap materials

ToC Category:
Quantum Optics

Original Manuscript: September 27, 2010
Revised Manuscript: November 29, 2010
Manuscript Accepted: January 8, 2011
Published: January 20, 2011

Yan Zhang, Yan Xue, Gang Wang, Cui-Li Cui, Rong Wang, and Jin-Hui Wu, "Steady optical spectra and light propagation dynamics in cold atomic samples with homogeneous or inhomogeneous densities," Opt. Express 19, 2111-2119 (2011)

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