OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 19, Iss. 5 — Feb. 28, 2011
  • pp: 4067–4075

Saturated signal-to-noise ratio of up-stream WRC-FPLD transmitter injection-locked by down-stream data-erased ASE carrier

Yi-Hung Lin, Chun-Ju Lin, Gong-Cheng Lin, and Gong-Ru Lin  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 19, Issue 5, pp. 4067-4075 (2011)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1173 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



By controlling the extinction ratio (ER) and overshooting level of the down-stream amplified spontaneous emission (ASE) with a gain-saturation semiconductor optical amplifier (SOA), the down-stream data-erased ASE carrier is re-encoded in an injection-locked weak-resonant-cavity Fabry-Perot laser diode (WRC-FPLD) up-stream transmitter to implement all-ASE based bi-directional WDM-PON system. The effect of ER on the up-stream transmission performance of the down-stream data-erased ASE injection-locked WRC-FPLD is elucidated via the gain-saturation model. It is observed that the communication criterion with a bit-error-rate of <10−9 at 2.488 Gbit/s can be met only when ER is reduced to <3 dB and overshooting level <-5 dB. The up-stream WRC-FPLD re-encoded ASE data-stream could improve its signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) to 6.4 dB by minimizing the ER and overshooting level of the down-stream data-erased ASE to 2.4 dB and −7.8 dB, respectively, with the gain-saturated SOA. The SNR can also be improved with higher power injecting into the up-stream transmitter until saturation occurs and the optimal window of the ASE injection power is between −7 and −3 dBm.

© 2011 OSA

OCIS Codes
(060.4230) Fiber optics and optical communications : Multiplexing
(140.3520) Lasers and laser optics : Lasers, injection-locked
(250.5980) Optoelectronics : Semiconductor optical amplifiers
(060.1155) Fiber optics and optical communications : All-optical networks

ToC Category:
Fiber Optics and Optical Communications

Original Manuscript: August 30, 2010
Manuscript Accepted: October 10, 2010
Published: February 16, 2011

Yi-Hung Lin, Chun-Ju Lin, Gong-Cheng Lin, and Gong-Ru Lin, "Saturated signal-to-noise ratio of up-stream WRC-FPLD transmitter injection-locked by down-stream data-erased ASE carrier," Opt. Express 19, 4067-4075 (2011)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. K. Iwatsuki, J. Kani, H. Suzuki, and M. Fujiwara, “Access and metro networks based on WDM technologies,” J. Lightwave Technol. 22(11), 2623–2630 (2004). [CrossRef]
  2. K.-Y. Liou and G. Raybon, “Operation of an LED with a single-mode semiconductor amplifier as a broad-band 1.3-μm transmitter source,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7(9), 1025–1027 (1995). [CrossRef]
  3. D.-K. Jung, H. Kim, K. H. Han, and Y. C. Chung, “Spectrum-sliced bidirectional passive optical network for simultaneous transmission of WDM and digital broadcast video signals,” Electron. Lett. 37(5), 308–309 (2001). [CrossRef]
  4. S.-M. Lee, M.-H. Kim, and C.-H. Lee, “Demonstration of a bidirectional 80-km-reach DWDM-PON with 8-Gbs capacity,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(6), 405–407 (2007). [CrossRef]
  5. H. Takesue and T. Sugie, “Wavelength channel data rewrite using saturated SOA modulator for WDM networks with centralized light sources,” J. Lightwave Technol. 21(11), 2546–2556 (2003). [CrossRef]
  6. G.-R. Lin, H.-L. Wang, G.-C. Lin, Y.-H. Huang, Y.-H. Lin, and T.-K. Cheng, “Comparison on injection-locked Fabry–Perot laser diode with front-facet reflectivity of 1% and 30% for optical data transmission in WDM-PON system,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27(14), 2779–2785 (2009). [CrossRef]
  7. Y.-H. Lin, G.-C. Lin, H.-L. Wang, Y.-C. Chi, and G.-R. Lin, “Compromised extinction and signal-to-noise ratios of weak-resonant-cavity laser diode transmitter injected by channelized and amplitude squeezed spontaneous-emission,” Opt. Express 18(5), 4457–4468 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. N. Kashima, “Injection-locked Fabry–Pérot laser diode transmitters with semiconductor optical amplifier for WDM-PON,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27(12), 2132–2139 (2009). [CrossRef]
  9. G. P. Agrawal, Fiber-Optic Communication Systems, (Willy Inter-Science, 2002) Chap. 4–6.
  10. M. Zhao, G. Morthier, and R. Baets, “Analysis and optimization of intensity noise reduction in spectrum-sliced WDM systems using a saturated semiconductor optical amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14(3), 390–392 (2002). [CrossRef]
  11. M. Yoshino and K. Inoue, “Improvement of saturation output power in a semiconductor laser amplifier through pumping light injection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8(1), 58–59 (1996). [CrossRef]
  12. R. Maher, K. Shi, L. P. Barry, J. O’Carroll, B. Kelly, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, and P. M. Anandarajah, “Implementation of a cost-effective optical comb source in a WDM-PON with 10.7 Gb/s data to each ONU and 50 km reach,” Opt. Express 18(15), 15672–15681 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited