OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 19, Iss. 6 — Mar. 14, 2011
  • pp: 5698–5705

Ultrafast laser inscription of an integrated photonic lantern

R. R. Thomson, T. A. Birks, S. G. Leon-Saval, A. K. Kar, and J. Bland-Hawthorn  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 19, Issue 6, pp. 5698-5705 (2011)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.19.005698


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (970 KB) | SpotlightSpotlight on Optics





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

We used ultrafast laser inscription to fabricate three-dimensional integrated optical transitions that efficiently couple light from a multimode waveguide to a two-dimensional array of single mode waveguides and back. Although the entire device has an average insertion loss of 5.7 dB at 1539 nm, only ≈0.7 dB is due to mode coupling losses. Based on an analysis which is presented in the paper, we expect that our device should convert a multimode input into an array of single modes with a loss of ≈2.0 dB, assuming the input coupling losses are zero. Such devices have applications in astrophotonics and remote sensing.

© 2011 OSA

OCIS Codes
(130.3120) Integrated optics : Integrated optics devices
(140.3390) Lasers and laser optics : Laser materials processing

ToC Category:
Laser Microfabrication

History
Original Manuscript: February 10, 2011
Revised Manuscript: March 5, 2011
Manuscript Accepted: March 5, 2011
Published: March 11, 2011

Virtual Issues
April 15, 2011 Spotlight on Optics

Citation
R. R. Thomson, T. A. Birks, S. G. Leon-Saval, A. K. Kar, and J. Bland-Hawthorn, "Ultrafast laser inscription of an integrated photonic lantern," Opt. Express 19, 5698-5705 (2011)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-19-6-5698


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. J. Bland-Hawthorn and P. Kern, “Astrophotonics: a new era for astronomical instruments,” Opt. Express 17(3), 1880–1884 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. P. Kern, E. Le Coärer, and P. Benech, “On-chip spectro-detection for fully integrated coherent beam combiners,” Opt. Express 17(3), 1976–1987 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. J. Bland-Hawthorn, M. Englund, and G. Edvell, “New approach to atmospheric OH suppression using an aperiodic fibre Bragg grating,” Opt. Express 12(24), 5902–5909 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. S. G. Leon-Saval, T. A. Birks, J. Bland-Hawthorn, and M. Englund, “Multimode fiber devices with single-mode performance,” Opt. Lett. 30(19), 2545–2547 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. D. Noordegraaf, P. M. W. Skovgaard, M. D. Nielsen, and J. Bland-Hawthorn, “Efficient multi-mode to single-mode coupling in a photonic lantern,” Opt. Express 17(3), 1988–1994 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. D. Noordegraaf, P. M. W. Skovgaard, M. D. Maack, J. Bland-Hawthorn, R. Haynes, and J. Laegsgaard, “Multi-mode to single-mode conversion in a 61 port Photonic Lantern,” Opt. Express 18(5), 4673–4678 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. S. G. Leon-Saval, A. Argyros, and J. Bland-Hawthorn, “Photonic lanterns: a study of light propagation in multimode to single-mode converters,” Opt. Express 18(8), 8430–8439 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. T. A. Birks, A. Diez, J. L. Cruz, S. G. Leon-Saval, and D. F. Murphy, “Fibers are looking up: optical fiber transition structures in astrophotonics,” in Frontiers in Optics, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper FTuU1. http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=FiO-2010-FTuU1 .
  9. R. R. Thomson, G. Brown, A. K. Kar, T. A. Birks, and J. Bland-Hawthorn, “An integrated fan-out device for astrophotonics,” in Frontiers in Optics, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper PDPA3. http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=FiO-2010-PDPA3 .
  10. N. Cvetojevic, J. S. Lawrence, S. C. Ellis, J. Bland-Hawthorn, R. Haynes, and A. Horton, “Characterization and on-sky demonstration of an integrated photonic spectrograph for astronomy,” Opt. Express 17(21), 18643–18650 (2009). [CrossRef]
  11. E. le Coarer, S. Blaize, P. Benech, I. Stefanon, A. Morand, G. Lérondel, G. Leblond, P. Kern, J. M. Fedeli, and P. Royer, “Wavelength-scale stationary-wave integrated Fourier-transform spectrometry,” Nat. Photonics 1(8), 473–478 (2007). [CrossRef]
  12. B. Martin, A. Morand, P. Benech, G. Grosa, P. Kern, L. Jocou, and E. Le Coarer, “Realization of the compact static Fourier transform spectrometer LLIFTS in glass integrated optics,” Opt. Lett. 34(15), 2291–2293 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. J. Bland-Hawthorn, J. Lawrence, G. Robertson, S. Campbell, B. Pope, C. Betters, S. Leon-Saval, T. Birks, R. Haynes, N. Cvetojevic, and N. Jovanovic, “PIMMS: photonic integrated multimode microspectrograph,” Proc. SPIE 7735, 77350N (2010). [CrossRef]
  14. R. R. Thomson, A. K. Kar, and J. Allington-Smith, “Ultrafast laser inscription: an enabling technology for astrophotonics,” Opt. Express 17(3), 1963–1969 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. K. M. Davis, K. Miura, N. Sugimoto, and K. Hirao, “Writing waveguides in glass with a femtosecond laser,” Opt. Lett. 21(21), 1729–1731 (1996). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. R. R. Thomson, H. T. Bookey, N. D. Psaila, A. Fender, S. Campbell, W. N. Macpherson, J. S. Barton, D. T. Reid, and A. K. Kar, “Ultrafast-laser inscription of a three dimensional fan-out device for multicore fiber coupling applications,” Opt. Express 15(18), 11691–11697 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. T. Pertsch, U. Peschel, F. Lederer, J. Burghoff, M. Will, S. Nolte, and A. Tünnermann, “Discrete diffraction in two-dimensional arrays of coupled waveguides in silica,” Opt. Lett. 29(5), 468–470 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. C. Mauclair, G. Cheng, N. Huot, E. Audouard, A. Rosenfeld, I. V. Hertel, and R. Stoian, “Dynamic ultrafast laser spatial tailoring for parallel micromachining of photonic devices in transparent materials,” Opt. Express 17(5), 3531–3542 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. M. Ams, G. D. Marshall, and M. J. Withford, “Study of the influence of femtosecond laser polarisation on direct writing of waveguides,” Opt. Express 14(26), 13158–13163 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. A. A. Said, M. Dugan, P. Bado, Y. Bellouard, A. Scott, and J. Mabesa, “Manufacturing by laser direct-write of three-dimensional devices containing optical and microfluidic networks,” Proc. SPIE 5339, 194–204 (2004). [CrossRef]
  21. Y. Nasu, M. Kohtoku, and Y. Hibino, “Low-loss waveguides written with a femtosecond laser for flexible interconnection in a planar light-wave circuit,” Opt. Lett. 30(7), 723–725 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

Figures

Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 3
 
Fig. 4
 

Multimedia

Multimedia FilesRecommended Software
» Media 1: MOV (3701 KB)      QuickTime
» Media 2: MOV (3733 KB)      QuickTime

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited