OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijin de Sterke
  • Vol. 19, Iss. 7 — Mar. 28, 2011
  • pp: 5839–5854

Spurious mode reduction in dual injection-locked optoelectronic oscillators

O. Okusaga, E. J. Adles, E. C. Levy, W. Zhou, G. M. Carter, C. R. Menyuk, and M. Horowitz  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 19, Issue 7, pp. 5839-5854 (2011)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.19.005839


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1829 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

Optoelectronic oscillators (OEOs) are promising sources of low phase noise radio frequency (RF) signals. However, at X-band frequencies, the long optical fiber delay line required for a high oscillator Q also leads to spurious modes (spurs) spaced too narrowly to be filtered by RF filters. The dual injection-locked OEO (DIL-OEO) has been proposed as a solution to this problem. In this work, we describe in detail the construction of a DIL-OEO. We also present experimental data from our systematic study of injection-locking in DIL-OEOs. With this data, we optimize the DIL-OEO, achieving both low phase noise and low spurs. Finally, we present data demonstrating a 60 dB suppression of the nearest-neighbor spur without increasing the phase noise within 1 kHz of the 10 GHz central oscillating mode.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(060.2320) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics amplifiers and oscillators
(230.0250) Optical devices : Optoelectronics
(230.4910) Optical devices : Oscillators

ToC Category:
Fiber Optics and Optical Communications

History
Original Manuscript: October 7, 2010
Revised Manuscript: January 13, 2011
Manuscript Accepted: March 1, 2011
Published: March 15, 2011

Citation
O. Okusaga, E. J. Adles, E. C. Levy, W. Zhou, G. M. Carter, C. R. Menyuk, and M. Horowitz, "Spurious mode reduction in dual injection-locked optoelectronic oscillators," Opt. Express 19, 5839-5854 (2011)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-19-7-5839


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. X. S. Yao and L. Maleki, “Optoelectronic microwave oscillator,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 13, 1725–1735 (1996). [CrossRef]
  2. X. S. Yao and L. Maleki, “Optoelectronic oscillator for photonic systems,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 1141–1149 (1996). [CrossRef]
  3. D. A. Howe and A. Hati, “Low-noise X-band oscillator and amplifier technologies: Comparison and status,” in “Proceedings of the Joint IEEE International Frequency Control Symposium and Precise Time and Time Interval (PTTI) Systems and Applications Meeting,” (Vancouver, Canada, 2005), pp. 481–487.
  4. D. Green, C. McNeilage, and J. H. Searls, “A low phase noise microwave sapphire loop oscillator,” in “Proceedings of the IEEE International Frequency Control Symposium,” (Miami, FL, 2006), pp. 852–860.
  5. X. S. Yao and L. Maleki, “Ultra-low phase noise dual-loop optoelectronic oscillator,” in “Technical Digest of the Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exhibit (OFC ’98),” (San Jose, CA, 1998), pp. 353–354.
  6. X. S. Yao, L. Davis, and L. Maleki, “Coupled optoelectronic oscillators for generating both RF signal and optical pulses,” J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 73–78 (2000). [CrossRef]
  7. W. Zhou and G. Blasche, “Injection-locked dual opto-electronic oscillator with ultra-low phase noise and ultralow spurious level,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 53, 929–933 (2005). [CrossRef]
  8. O. Okusaga, W. Zhou, E. C. Levy, M. Horowitz, G. M. Carter, and C. R. Menyuk, “Experimental and simulation study of dual injection-locked OEOs,” in “Proceedings of Joint Meeting of the European Frequency and Time Forum and the IEEE International Frequency Control Symposium,” (Besancon, France, 2009), pp. 875–879.
  9. C. R. Menyuk, E. C. Levy, O. Okusaga, M. Horowitz, G. M. Carter, and W. Zhou, “An analytical model of the dual-injection-locked opto-electronic oscillator (DIL-OEO),” in “Proceedings of Joint Meeting of the European Frequency and Time Forum and the IEEE International Frequency Control Symposium,” (Besancon, France, 2009), pp. 870–874.
  10. E. C. Levy, M. Horowitz, and C. R. Menyuk, “Modeling optoelectronic oscillators,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 26, 148–159 (2009). [CrossRef]
  11. E. C. Levy, O. Okusaga, M. Horowitz, C. R. Menyuk, W. Zhou, and G. M. Carter, “Comprehensive computational model of single- and dual-loop optoelectronic oscillators with experimental verification,” Opt. Express 18, 21461–21476 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. E. Rubiola, Phase Noise and Frequency Stability in Oscillators, The Cambridge RF and Microwave Engineering Series (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, England, 2008). [CrossRef]
  13. E. Rubiola, E. Salik, S. Huang, N. Yu, and L. Maleki, “Photonic-delay technique for phase-noise measurement of microwave oscillators,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22, 987–997 (2005). [CrossRef]
  14. E. C. Levy, O. Okusaga, M. Horowitz, C. R. Menyuk, W. Zhou, and G. M. Carter, “Study of dual-loop optoelectronic oscillators,” in “Proceedings of Joint Meeting of the European Frequency and Time Forum and the IEEE International Frequency Control Symposium,” (Besancon, France, 2009), pp. 505–507.

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited