OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijin de Sterke
  • Vol. 19, Iss. 7 — Mar. 28, 2011
  • pp: 6042–6047

Multimode interference demultiplexers and splitters in metal-insulator-metal waveguides

Yao Kou and Xianfeng Chen  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 19, Issue 7, pp. 6042-6047 (2011)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1021 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



Multimode interference (MMI) effect in metal-insulator-metal (MIM) waveguides is studied in this paper. Theoretical calculation based on the self-imaging principle and the finite element method (FEM) simulation are used to analyze the effect and further guide the design of plasmonic MMI devices. We show that wavelength-selective routing and splitting with high extinction ratios can be realized in the multimode waveguides, and active control by refractive index modulation is also demonstrated.

© 2011 OSA

OCIS Codes
(240.6680) Optics at surfaces : Surface plasmons
(250.5300) Optoelectronics : Photonic integrated circuits

ToC Category:
Optics at Surfaces

Original Manuscript: November 8, 2010
Revised Manuscript: January 16, 2011
Manuscript Accepted: January 20, 2011
Published: March 17, 2011

Yao Kou and Xianfeng Chen, "Multimode interference demultiplexers and splitters in metal-insulator-metal waveguides," Opt. Express 19, 6042-6047 (2011)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. P. Berini, “Plasmon-polariton modes guided by a metal film of finite width bounded by different dielectrics,” Opt. Express 7(10), 329–335 (2000). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. T. Holmgaard and S. Bozhevolnyi, “Theoretical analysis of dielectric-loaded surface plasmon-polariton waveguides,” Phys. Rev. B 75(24), 245405 (2007). [CrossRef]
  3. A. Krasavin and A. Zayats, “Three-dimensional numerical modeling of photonic integration with dielectric-loaded SPP waveguides,” Phys. Rev. B 78(4), 045425 (2008). [CrossRef]
  4. J. C. Weeber, A. Dereux, C. Girard, J. R. Krenn, and J. P. Goudonnet, “Plasmon polaritons of metallic nanowires for controlling submicron propagation of light,” Phys. Rev. B 60(12), 9061–9068 (1999). [CrossRef]
  5. H. Ditlbacher, A. Hohenau, D. Wagner, U. Kreibig, M. Rogers, F. Hofer, F. R. Aussenegg, and J. R. Krenn, “Silver nanowires as surface plasmon resonators,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(25), 257403 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. R. Zia, M. D. Selker, P. B. Catrysse, and M. L. Brongersma, “Geometries and materials for subwavelength surface plasmon modes,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 21(12), 2442–2446 (2004). [CrossRef]
  7. J. Dionne, L. Sweatlock, H. Atwater, and A. Polman, “Plasmon slot waveguides: Towards chip-scale propagation with subwavelength-scale localization,” Phys. Rev. B 73(3), 035407 (2006). [CrossRef]
  8. L. B. Soldano and E. C. M. Pennings, “Optical Multi-Mode Interference Devices Based on Self-Imaging: Principles and Applications,” J. Lightwave Technol. 13(4), 615–627 (1995). [CrossRef]
  9. J. Leuthold, J. Eckner, E. Gamper, P. A. Besse, and H. Melchior, “Multimode Interference Couplers for the Conversion and Combining of Zero- and First-Order Modes,” J. Lightwave Technol. 16(7), 1228–1239 (1998). [CrossRef]
  10. Y. J. Tsai, A. Degiron, N. M. Jokerst, and D. R. Smith, “Plasmonic multi-mode interference couplers,” Opt. Express 17(20), 17471–17482 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. G. Yuan, P. Wang, Y. Lu, and H. Ming, “Multimode interference splitter based on dielectric-loaded surface plasmon polariton waveguides,” Opt. Express 17(15), 12594–12600 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. I. P. Kaminow, W. L. Mammel, and H. P. Weber, “Metal-clad optical waveguides: analytical and experimental study,” Appl. Opt. 13(2), 396–405 (1974). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. E. D. Palik, Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids, (Academic Press, Inc., 1985).
  14. G. Veronis and S. Fan, “Bends and splitters in metal-dielectric-metal subwavelength plasmonic waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(13), 131102 (2005). [CrossRef]
  15. T. D. Kim, J. Luo, J. W. Ka, S. Hau, Y. Tian, Z. Shi, N. M. Tucker, S. H. Jang, J. W. Kang, and A. K.-Y. Jen, “Ultralarge and Thermally Stable Electro-optic Activities from Diels-Alder Crosslinkable Polymers Containing Binary Chromophore Systems,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) 18(22), 3038–3042 (2006). [CrossRef]
  16. E. M. McKenna, A. S. Lin, A. R. Mickelson, R. Dinu, and D. Jin, “Comparison of r33 values for AJ404 films prepared with parallel plate and corona poling,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24(11), 2888–2892 (2007). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 3
Fig. 4 Fig. 5

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited