OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijin de Sterke
  • Vol. 19, Iss. 7 — Mar. 28, 2011
  • pp: 6209–6214

Observations of specular reflective particles and layers in crystal clouds

Yurii S. Balin, Bruno V. Kaul, Grigorii P. Kokhanenko, and Ioganes E. Penner  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 19, Issue 7, pp. 6209-6214 (2011)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1185 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



In the present article, results of observations of high crystal clouds with high spatial and temporal resolution using the ground-based polarization LOSA-S lidar are described. Cases of occurrence of specularly reflective layers formed by particles oriented predominantly in the horizontal plane are demonstrated. Results of measuring echo-signal depolarization are compared for linear and circular polarization states of the initial laser beam.

© 2011 OSA

OCIS Codes
(280.3640) Remote sensing and sensors : Lidar
(290.1090) Scattering : Aerosol and cloud effects
(290.1350) Scattering : Backscattering
(290.5855) Scattering : Scattering, polarization

ToC Category:
Remote Sensing

Original Manuscript: December 9, 2010
Revised Manuscript: February 7, 2011
Manuscript Accepted: February 7, 2011
Published: March 18, 2011

Yurii S. Balin, Bruno V. Kaul, Grigorii P. Kokhanenko, and Ioganes E. Penner, "Observations of specular reflective particles and layers in crystal clouds," Opt. Express 19, 6209-6214 (2011)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. K. N. Liou, “Influence of cirrus clouds on weather and climate processes: a global perspective,” J. Geophys. Res. 103, 1799–1805 (1986).
  2. C. Lavigne, A. Roblin, and P. Chervet, “Solar glint from oriented crystals in cirrus clouds,” Appl. Opt. 47(33), 6266–6276 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. B. V. Kaul and I. V. Samokhvalov, “Orientation of particles in Ci crystal clouds. Part 1. Orientation at gravitational sedimentation,” Atmos. Oceanic Opt. 18, 866–870 (2005).
  4. C. M. R. Platt, N. L. Abshire, and G. T. McNice, “Some Microphysical Properties of an Ice Cloud from Lidar Observation of Horizontally Oriented Crystals,” J. Appl. Meteorol. 17(8), 1220–1224 (1978). [CrossRef]
  5. V. Noel and K. Sassen, “Study of ice crystal orientation in ice clouds from scanning polarization lidar observations,” J. Appl. Meteorol. 44(5), 653–664 (2005). [CrossRef]
  6. W. N. Chen, C. W. Chiang, and J. B. Nee, “Lidar ratio and depolarization ratio for cirrus clouds,” Appl. Opt. 41(30), 6470–6476 (2002). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. V. Noel, H. Chepfer, G. Ledanois, A. Delaval, and P. H. Flamant, “Classification of particle effective shape ratios in cirrus clouds based on the lidar depolarization ratio,” Appl. Opt. 41(21), 4245–4257 (2002). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. Y. You, G. W. Kattawar, P. Yang, Y. X. Hu, and B. A. Baum, “Sensitivity of depolarized lidar signals to cloud and aerosol particle properties,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 100(1-3), 470–482 (2006). [CrossRef]
  9. K. Sassen and S. Benson, “A midlatitude cirrus cloud climatology from the Facility for Atmospheric Remote Sensing: II. Microphysical properties derived from lidar depolarization,” J. Atmos. Sci. 58(15), 2103–2112 (2001). [CrossRef]
  10. H. M. Cho, P. Yang, G. W. Kattawar, S. L. Nasiri, Y. Hu, P. Minnis, C. Trepte, and D. Winker, “Depolarization ratio and attenuated backscatter for nine cloud types: analyses based on collocated CALIPSO lidar and MODIS measurements,” Opt. Express 16(6), 3931–3948 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. B. V. Kaul, I. V. Samokhvalov, and S. N. Volkov, “Investigating particle orientation in cirrus clouds by measuring backscattering phase matrices with lidar,” Appl. Opt. 43(36), 6620–6628 (2004). [CrossRef]
  12. H. C. van de Hulst, Light scattering by small particles (Wiley, 1957).
  13. C. R. Hu, G. W. Kattawar, M. E. Parkin, and P. Herb, “Symmetry theorems on the forward and backward scattering Mueller matrices for light scattering from a nonspherical dielectric scatterer,” Appl. Opt. 26(19), 4159–4173 (1987). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. M. I. Mishchenko and J. W. Hovenier, “Depolarization of light backscattered by randomly oriented nonspherical particles,” Opt. Lett. 20(12), 1356–1358 (1995). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. C. J. Flynn, A. Mendoza, Y. Zheng, and S. Mathur, “Novel polarization-sensitive micropulse lidar measurement technique,” Opt. Express 15(6), 2785–2790 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. G. G. Gimmestad, “Reexamination of depolarization in lidar measurements,” Appl. Opt. 47(21), 3795–3802 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. G. Roy and N. Roy, “Relation between circular and linear depolarization ratios under multiple-scattering conditions,” Appl. Opt. 47(35), 6563–6579 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. M. Del Guasta, E. Vallar, O. Riviere, F. Castagnoli, V. Venturi, and M. Morandi, “Use of polarimetric lidar for the study of oriented ice plates in clouds,” Appl. Opt. 45(20), 4878–4887 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. Yu. Balin, B. Kaul, G. Kokhanenko, and D. Winker, “Application of circularly polarized laser radiation for sensing of crystal clouds,” Opt. Express 17(8), 6849–6859 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. http://weather.uwyo.edu/upperair/sounding.html .

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 3
Fig. 4

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited