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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijin de Sterke
  • Vol. 19, Iss. 7 — Mar. 28, 2011
  • pp: 6807–6821

Femtosecond-laser generation of self-organized bubble patterns in fused silica

Yves Bellouard and Max-Olivier Hongler  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 19, Issue 7, pp. 6807-6821 (2011)

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By continuously scanning a femtosecond laser beam across a fused silica specimen, we demonstrate the formation of self-organized bubbles buried in the material. Rather than using high intensity pulses and high numerical aperture to induce explosions in the material, here bubbles form as a consequence of cumulative energy deposits. We observe a transition between chaotic and self-organized patterns at high scanning rate (above 10 mm/s). Through modeling the energy exchange, we outline the similarities of this phenomenon with other non-linear dynamical systems. Furthermore, we demonstrate with this method the high-speed writing of two- and three- dimensional bubble “crystals” in bulk silica.

© 2011 OSA

OCIS Codes
(140.7090) Lasers and laser optics : Ultrafast lasers
(160.2750) Materials : Glass and other amorphous materials
(320.2250) Ultrafast optics : Femtosecond phenomena
(320.7130) Ultrafast optics : Ultrafast processes in condensed matter, including semiconductors

ToC Category:
Ultrafast Optics

Original Manuscript: February 10, 2011
Revised Manuscript: March 6, 2011
Manuscript Accepted: March 9, 2011
Published: March 24, 2011

Yves Bellouard and Max-Olivier Hongler, "Femtosecond-laser generation of self-organized bubble patterns in fused silica," Opt. Express 19, 6807-6821 (2011)

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