OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 19, Iss. 8 — Apr. 11, 2011
  • pp: 7439–7450

Random optical pulse generation with bistable semiconductor ring lasers

Satoshi Sunada, Takahisa Harayama, Kenichi Arai, Kazuyuki Yoshimura, Ken Tsuzuki, Atsushi Uchida, and Peter Davis  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 19, Issue 8, pp. 7439-7450 (2011)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.19.007439


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1762 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

We experimentally show that a random optical pulse train can be generated by modulating a bistable semiconductor ring laser. When the ring laser is switched from the monostable to the bistable regime, it randomly selects one of two different stable unidirectional lasing modes, clockwise or counterclockwise modes. Non-deterministic random pulse sequences are generated by driving the switch parameter, the injection current, with a periodic pulse signal. The origin of the nondeterministic randomness is the amplified spontaneous emission noise coupled to the counter-propagating lasing modes. The statistical randomness properties are optimized by adjusting the relative strength of amplified spontaneous emission noise sources for the two lasing modes. It is also shown that it is possible to generate optical pulse sequences which pass a standard suite of statistical randomness tests.

© 2011 OSA

OCIS Codes
(140.3560) Lasers and laser optics : Lasers, ring
(140.5960) Lasers and laser optics : Semiconductor lasers
(190.1450) Nonlinear optics : Bistability

ToC Category:
Lasers and Laser Optics

History
Original Manuscript: December 23, 2010
Revised Manuscript: February 28, 2011
Manuscript Accepted: March 9, 2011
Published: April 4, 2011

Citation
Satoshi Sunada, Takahisa Harayama, Kenichi Arai, Kazuyuki Yoshimura, Ken Tsuzuki, Atsushi Uchida, and Peter Davis, "Random optical pulse generation with bistable semiconductor ring lasers," Opt. Express 19, 7439-7450 (2011)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-19-8-7439


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. M. Sorel, P. J. R. Laybourn, G. Giuliani, and S. Donati, “Unidirectional bistability in semiconductor waveguide ring lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 3051–3053 (2002). [CrossRef]
  2. M. Sorel, P. J. R. Laybourn, A. Scirè, S. Balle, G. Giuliani, R. Miglierina, and S. Donati, “Alternate oscillation in semiconductor ring lasers,” Opt. Lett. 27, 1992–1994 (2002). [CrossRef]
  3. M. Sorel, G. Giuliani, A. Scirè, R. Miglierina, S. Donati, and P. J. R. Laybourn, “Operating regimes of GaAs-AlGaAs semiconductor ring lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 1187–1195 (2003). [CrossRef]
  4. W. Coomans, S. Beri, G. Van der Sande, L. Gelens, and J. Danckaert, “Optical injection in semiconductor ring lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 033802 (2010). [CrossRef]
  5. M. F. Booth, A. Schremer, and J. M. Ballantyne, “Spatial beam switching and bistability in a diode ring laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 1095–1097 (2000). [CrossRef]
  6. G. Mezösi, M. J. Strain, S. Fürst, Z. Wang, S. Yu, and M. Sorel, “Unidirectional Bistability in AlGaInAs Microring and Microdisk Semiconductor Lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 88–90 (2009). [CrossRef]
  7. A. Pérez-Serrano, J. Javaloyes, and S. Balle, “Bichromatic emission and multimode dynamics in bidirectional ring lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 043817 (2010). [CrossRef]
  8. M. T. Hill, H. J. S. Dorren, T. Vries, X. J. M. Leijtens, J. H. Besten, B. Smalbrugge, Y.-S. Oel, H. Binsma, G.-D. Khoe, and M. K. Smit, “A fast low-power optical memory based on coupled micro-ring lasers,” Nature 432, 206–209 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. L. Liu, R. Kumar, K. Huybrechts, T. Spuesens, G. Roelkens, E. Geluk, T. Vries, P. Regreny, D. V. Thourhout, R. Baets, and G. Morthier, “An ultra-small, low-power, all-optical flip-flop memory on a silicon chip,” Nat. Photonics 4, 182–187 (2010). [CrossRef]
  10. B. Li, M. I. Memon, G. Mezosi, Z. Wang, M. Sorel, and S. Yu, “All-optical Digital Logic Gates using Bistable Semiconductor Ring Lasers,” J. Opt. Commun. 30, 190–194 (2009). [CrossRef]
  11. A. Trita, M. J. Latorre Vidal, M. Zanola, G. Mezosi, J. Javaloyes, M. Sorel, F. Bragheri, I. Cristiani, A. Scirè, S. Balle, and G. Giuliani, “All-Optical Set-Reset Flip-Flop based on Semiconductor Ring Laser: Ultrafast Response and Error-Free Bit-Error-Rate Operation,” in International Conference on Photonics in Switching (IEEE, 2009), pp. 1–2. [CrossRef]
  12. B. Qi, Y-M. Chi, H-K. Lo, and L. Qian, “High-speed quantum random number generation by measuring phase noise of a single-mode laser,” Opt. Lett. 35, 312–314 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. V. N. Chizhevsky, D. B. Horoshko, D. I. Pustakhod, and S. Ya. Kilin, “Bistable vertical cavity laser as a truly random number generator,” in CLEO/Europe and IQEC 2007 Conference Digest (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper CB-29.
  14. A. Uchida, K. Amano, M. Inoue, K. Hirano, S. Naito, H. Someya, I. Oowada, T. Karashige, M. Shiki, S. Yoshimori, K. Yoshimura, and P. Davis, “Fast physical bit generation with chaotic semiconductor lasers,” Nat. Photonics 2, 728–732 (2008). [CrossRef]
  15. K. Hirano, T. Yamazaki, S. Morikatsu, H. Okumura, H. Aida, A. Uchida, S. Yoshimori, K. Yoshimura, T. Harayama, and P. Davis, “Fast random bit generation with bandwidth-enhanced chaos in semiconductor lasers,” Opt. Express 18, 5512–5524 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. I. Reidler, Y. Aviad, M. Rosenbluh, and I. Kanter, “Ultrahigh-speed random number generation based on a chaotic semiconductor laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 024102 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. I. Kanter, Y. Aviad, I. Reidler, E. Cohen, and M. Rosenbluh, “An optical ultrafast random bit generator,” Nat. Photonics 4, 58–61 (2010). [CrossRef]
  18. A. Argyris, S. Deligiannidis, E. Pikasis, A. Bogris, and D. Syvridis, “Implementation of 140 Gb/s true random bit generator based on a chaotic photonic integrated circuit,” Opt. Express 18, 18763–18768 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. S. Beri, L. Gelens, M. Mestre, G. Van der Sande, G. Verschaffelt, A. Scirè, G. Mezosi, M. Sorel, and J. Danckaert, “Topological Insight into the Non-Arrhenius Mode Hopping of Semiconductor Ring Lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 093903 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. T. Pérez, A. Scirè, G. Van der Sande, P. Colet, and C. R. Mirasso, “Bistability and all-optical switching in semiconductor ring lasers,” Opt. Express 15, 12941–12948 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. L. Gelens, G. Van der Sande, S. Beri, and J. Danckaert, “Phase-space approach to directional switching in semiconductor ring lasers,” Phys. Rev. E 79, 016213 (2009). [CrossRef]
  22. L. Gelens, S. Beri, G. Van der Sande, J. Danckaert, N. Calabretta, H. J. S. Dorren, R. Nötzel, E. A. J. M. Bente, and M. K. Smit, “Optical injection in semiconductor ring lasers: backfire dynamics,” Opt. Express 16, 10968–10974 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. B. Li, M. I. Memon, G. Mezosi, G. Yuan, Z. Wang, M. Sorel, and S. Yu, “All-Optical Response of Semiconductor Ring Laser to Dual-Optical Injections,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 770–772 (2008). [CrossRef]
  24. M. Choi, T. Tanaka, S. Sunada, and T. Harayama, “Linewidth properties of active-passive coupled monolithic InGaAs semiconductor ring lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 231110 (2009). [CrossRef]
  25. G. Marsaglia, DIEHARD: A battery of tests of randomness (1996). http://stat.fsu.edu/geo .

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited