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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 19, Iss. 8 — Apr. 11, 2011
  • pp: 7778–7789

Self-phase modulation and nonlinear loss in silicon nanophotonic wires near the mid-infrared two-photon absorption edge

Xiaoping Liu, Jeffrey B. Driscoll, Jerry I. Dadap, Richard M. Osgood, Jr., Solomon Assefa, Yurii A. Vlasov, and William M. J. Green  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 19, Issue 8, pp. 7778-7789 (2011)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.19.007778


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Abstract

We report an experimental study of picosecond pulse propagation through a 4-mm-long Si nanophotonic wire with normal dispersion, at excitation wavelengths from 1775 to 2250 nm. This wavelength range crosses the mid-infrared two-photon absorption edge of Si at ~2200 nm. Significant reduction in nonlinear loss due to two-photon absorption is measured as excitation wavelengths approach 2200 nm. At high input power, self-phase modulation is clearly demonstrated by the development of power-dependant spectral fringes. Asymmetry and blue-shift in the appearance of the spectral fringes at 1775 nm versus 2200 nm is further shown to originate from a strong reduction in the intra-pulse density of two-photon absorption-generated free carriers and the associated free-carrier dispersion. Analysis of experimental data and comparison with numerical simulations illustrates that the two-photon absorption coefficient βTPA obtained here from nanophotonic wire measurements is in reasonable agreement with prior measurements of bulk silicon crystals, and that bulk Si values of the nonlinear refractive index n2 can be confidently incorporated in the modeling of pulse propagation in deeply-scaled waveguide structures.

© 2011 OSA

OCIS Codes
(060.5060) Fiber optics and optical communications : Phase modulation
(190.4390) Nonlinear optics : Nonlinear optics, integrated optics
(320.7110) Ultrafast optics : Ultrafast nonlinear optics

ToC Category:
Nonlinear Optics

History
Original Manuscript: December 8, 2010
Revised Manuscript: February 16, 2011
Manuscript Accepted: February 28, 2011
Published: April 7, 2011

Citation
Xiaoping Liu, Jeffrey B. Driscoll, Jerry I. Dadap, Richard M. Osgood, Solomon Assefa, Yurii A. Vlasov, and William M. J. Green, "Self-phase modulation and nonlinear loss in silicon nanophotonic wires near the mid-infrared two-photon absorption edge," Opt. Express 19, 7778-7789 (2011)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-19-8-7778


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