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Energy Express

Energy Express

  • Editor: Bernard Kippelen
  • Vol. 19, Iss. S5 — Sep. 12, 2011
  • pp: A1067–A1081

Modal analysis of enhanced absorption in silicon nanowire arrays

Björn C. P. Sturmberg, Kokou B. Dossou, Lindsay C. Botten, Ara A. Asatryan, Christopher G. Poulton, C. Martijn de Sterke, and Ross C. McPhedran  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 19, Issue S5, pp. A1067-A1081 (2011)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.19.0A1067


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Abstract

We analyze the absorption of solar radiation by silicon nanowire arrays, which are being considered for photovoltaic applications. These structures have been shown to have enhanced absorption compared with thin films, however the mechanism responsible for this is not understood. Using a new, semi-analytic model, we show that the enhanced absorption can be attributed to a few modes of the array, which couple well to incident light, overlap well with the nanowires, and exhibit strong Fabry-Pérot resonances. For some wavelengths the absorption is further enhanced by slow light effects. We study the evolution of these modes with wavelength to explain the various features of the absorption spectra, focusing first on a dilute array at normal incidence, before generalizing to a dense array and off-normal angles of incidence. The understanding developed will allow for optimization of simple SiNW arrays, as well as the development of more advanced designs.

© 2011 OSA

OCIS Codes
(040.5350) Detectors : Photovoltaic
(050.0050) Diffraction and gratings : Diffraction and gratings
(350.6050) Other areas of optics : Solar energy
(350.4238) Other areas of optics : Nanophotonics and photonic crystals
(310.6628) Thin films : Subwavelength structures, nanostructures

ToC Category:
Diffraction and Gratings

History
Original Manuscript: May 26, 2011
Revised Manuscript: June 29, 2011
Manuscript Accepted: July 1, 2011
Published: July 19, 2011

Citation
Björn C. P. Sturmberg, Kokou B. Dossou, Lindsay C. Botten, Ara A. Asatryan, Christopher G. Poulton, C. Martijn de Sterke, and Ross C. McPhedran, "Modal analysis of enhanced absorption in silicon nanowire arrays," Opt. Express 19, A1067-A1081 (2011)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-19-S5-A1067


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