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Energy Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 19, Iss. S6 — Nov. 7, 2011
  • pp: A1250–A1264

Top-emitting organic light-emitting diodes

Simone Hofmann, Michael Thomschke, Björn Lüssem, and Karl Leo  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 19, Issue S6, pp. A1250-A1264 (2011)

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We review top-emitting organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs), which are beneficial for lighting and display applications, where nontransparent substrates are used. The optical effects of the microcavity structure as well as the loss mechanisms are discussed. Outcoupling techniques and the work on white top-emitting OLEDs are summarized. We discuss the power dissipation spectra for a monochrome and a white top-emitting OLED and give quantitative reports on the loss channels. Furthermore, the development of inverted top-emitting OLEDs is described.

© 2011 OSA

OCIS Codes
(160.4890) Materials : Organic materials
(220.0220) Optical design and fabrication : Optical design and fabrication
(230.3670) Optical devices : Light-emitting diodes
(250.0250) Optoelectronics : Optoelectronics
(310.6860) Thin films : Thin films, optical properties
(310.6845) Thin films : Thin film devices and applications

ToC Category:
Light-Emitting Diodes

Original Manuscript: August 1, 2011
Manuscript Accepted: October 8, 2011
Published: November 7, 2011

Virtual Issues
Organic Light-Emitting Diodes (2011) Optics Express

Simone Hofmann, Michael Thomschke, Björn Lüssem, and Karl Leo, "Top-emitting organic light-emitting diodes," Opt. Express 19, A1250-A1264 (2011)

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