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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: J. H. Eberly
  • Vol. 2, Iss. 10 — May. 11, 1998
  • pp: 424–430

Spatio-spectral dynamics and spontaneous ultrafast optical switching in VCSEL arrays

Ortwin Hess  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 2, Issue 10, pp. 424-430 (1998)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.2.000424


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Abstract

Microscopic simulations on the basis of semiconductor Maxwell-Bloch equations show that in the short-time spatio-temporal dynamics of large aspect vertical cavity surface emitting lasers (VC-SEL) and coupled VCSEL-arrays microscopic and macroscopic effects are intrinsically coupled. The combination of microscopic spatial and spectral dynamics of the carrier distribution functions and the nonlinear polarization of the active semiconductor medium reveal spatio-spectral hole-burning effects as the origin of ultra-fast mode-switching effects. In coupled VCSEL-arrays the simulations predict the emergence of spontaneous ultra-fast spatial switching.

© Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(140.0140) Lasers and laser optics : Lasers and laser optics
(140.2010) Lasers and laser optics : Diode laser arrays
(140.5960) Lasers and laser optics : Semiconductor lasers
(250.0250) Optoelectronics : Optoelectronics
(250.7260) Optoelectronics : Vertical cavity surface emitting lasers

ToC Category:
Research Papers

History
Original Manuscript: February 13, 1998
Revised Manuscript: December 31, 1997
Published: May 11, 1998

Citation
Ortwin Hess, "Spatio-spectral dynamics and spontaneous ultrafast optical switching in VCSEL arrays," Opt. Express 2, 424-430 (1998)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-2-10-424


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References

  1. C. J. Chang-Hasnain, "Vertical cavity surface-emitting laser arrays," in Diode Laser Arrays, D. Botez and D. R. Scrifres, eds., (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1994), pp. 368-413. [CrossRef]
  2. O. Buccafusca, J. L. A. Chilla, J. J. Rocca, C. Wilmsen, S. Feld, and R. Leibenguth, "Ultrahigh frequency oscillations and multimode dynamics in vertical cavity surface emitting lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 185-187 (1995). [CrossRef]
  3. D. G. H. Nugent, R. G. S. Plumb, M. A. Fischer, and D. A. O. Davies, "Self-pulsations in vertical-cavity surface emitting lasers," Electron. Lett. 31, 43-44 (1995). [CrossRef]
  4. J. E. Epler, S. Gehrsitz, K. H. Gulden, M. Moser, H. C. Sigg, and H. W. Lehmann, "Mode behavior and high resolution spectra of circularly-symmetric GaAs/AlGaAs air-post vertical cavity surface emitting lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 2312-2314 (1996). [CrossRef]
  5. I. Hoersch, R. Kusche, O. Marti, B. Weigl, and K. J. Ebeling, "Spectrally resolved mode imaging of vertical cavity semiconductor lasers by scanning near-eld optical microscopy," Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 3831-3833 (1996).
  6. O. Hess and T. Kuhn, "Maxwell-Bloch equations for spatially inhomogeneous semiconductor lasers I: Theoretical Description," Phys. Rev. A 54, 3347-3359 (1996). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. O. Hess and T. Kuhn, "Maxwell-Bloch equations for spatially inhomogeneous semiconductor lasers II: Spatio-temporal dynamics," Phys. Rev. A 54, 3360-3368 (1996). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. C. J. Chang-Hasnain, J. P. Harbison, G. Hasnain, A. C. V. Lehmen, L. T. Florez, and N. G. Stoffel, "Dynamic, Polarization, and Transverse mode Characteristics of Vertical Cavity Surface Emitting Lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron.27, 1402-1409 (1991). [CrossRef]
  9. F. Koyama, K. Morito, and K. Iga, "Intensity noise and polarization stability of GaAlAs-GaAs surface emitting lasrs," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-27, 1410-1416 (1991). [CrossRef]
  10. D. Vakhshoori, "Symmetry considerations in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers: Prediction of removal of polarization isotropy on (001) substrates," Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 259-261 (1995). [CrossRef]
  11. K. D. Choquette, J. P. Schneider, K. L. Lear, and R. E. Leibenguth, "Gain-dependent polarization properties of vertical-cavity lasers," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1, 661-666 (1995). [CrossRef]
  12. A. K. J. van Doorn, M. P. van Exter, and J. P. Woerdman, "Elasto-optic anisotropy and polarization orientation of vertical-cavity surface-emitting semiconductor lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 1041-1043 (1996). [CrossRef]
  13. H. F. Hofmann and O. Hess, "Quantum Noise and Polarization Fluctuations in Vertical Cavity Surface Emitting Lasers," Phys. Rev. A 56, 868-876 (1997). [CrossRef]
  14. O. Hess and T. Kuhn, "Spatio-Temporal Dynamics of Semiconductor Lasers: Theory, Modeling and Analysis," Prog. Quantum Electron. 20, 85-179 (1996). [CrossRef]
  15. O. Hess, Spatio-Temporal Dynamics of Semiconductor Lasers (Wissenschaft und Technik Verlag, Berlin, 1993).

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