OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: J. H. Eberly
  • Vol. 2, Iss. 3 — Feb. 2, 1998
  • pp: 77–83

Propagation of quantum properties of sub-picosecond solitons in a fiber

S. Spälter, M. Burk, U. Strößner, A. Sizmann, and G. Leuchs  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 2, Issue 3, pp. 77-83 (1998)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.2.000077


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (105 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

We present new results on photon number squeezing of spectrally filtered solitons in fibers. The impact of frequency low-, high-, and bandpass filtering on noise reduction has been measured as a function of fiber length for 130-fs pulses close to the soliton energy. For short fibers our results agree qualitatively with theoretical predictions. For longer fibers, however, the measured squeezing increases to an unexpectedly large value. Spectral filtering of a strongly Raman-shifted, higher energy pulse squeezed the directly detected photocurrent fluctuations down to 3.8±0.2 dB (59%) below the shot noise level. The measured noise reductions are broadband from 5 to 90 MHz.

© Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(190.4370) Nonlinear optics : Nonlinear optics, fibers
(270.5290) Quantum optics : Photon statistics
(270.5530) Quantum optics : Pulse propagation and temporal solitons
(270.6570) Quantum optics : Squeezed states

ToC Category:
Focus Issue: Experiments on generation and application of quantum light states

History
Original Manuscript: November 14, 1997
Published: February 2, 1998

Citation
Stefan Spaelter, M. Burk, Ulrich Stroessner, Andreas Sizmann, and Gerd Leuchs, "Propagation of quantum properties of sub-picosecond solitons in a fiber," Opt. Express 2, 77-83 (1998)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-2-3-77


Sort:  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. R. M. Shelby, M. D. Levenson, S. H. Perlmutter, R. G. DeVoe, and D. F. Walls, "Broad-band parametric deamplification of quantum noise in an optical fiber," Phys. Rev. Lett. 57, 691-694 (1986). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. M. Rosenbluh and R. M. Shelby, "Squeezed optical solitons," Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 153-156 (1991). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. K. Bergman and H. A. Haus, "Squeezing in fibers with optical pulses," Opt. Lett. 16, 663-665 (1991). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. K. Bergman, C. R. Doerr, H. A. Haus, and M. Shirasaki, "Sub-shot-noise measurement with fiber squeezed optical pulses," Opt. Lett. 18, 643-645 (1993). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. K. Bergman, H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, and M. Shirasaki, "Squeezing in a fiber interferometer with a gigahertz pump," Opt. Lett. 19, 290-292 (1994). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. N. Nishizawa, S. Kume, M. Mori, T. Goto, and A. Miyauchi, "Squeezed light generation with 1.064 m Nd:YAG laser and 0.85 m single-mode fiber," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., Part 1 33, 138-143 (1994). [CrossRef]
  7. S. R. Friberg, S. Machida, M. J. Werner, A. Levanon, and T. Mukai, "Photon number squeezing of spectrally filtered solitons," Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 3775-3778 (1996). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. S. Spaelter, M. Burk, U. Stroessner, M. Boehm, A. Sizmann, and G. Leuchs, "Photon number squeezing of spectrally filtered sub-picosecond optical solitons," Europhys. Lett. 38, 335-340 (1997). [CrossRef]
  9. M. J. Werner, "Quantum statistics of fundamental and higher-order coherent quantum solitons in Raman-active waveguides," Phys. Rev. A 54, 2567R-2570R (1996). [CrossRef]
  10. M.J. Werner and S.R. Friberg, "Phase transitions and the internal noise structure of nonlinear Schroedinger equation solitons," Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 4143-4146 (1997). [CrossRef]
  11. A. Mecozzi and P. Kumar, "Linearized quantum-fluctuation theory of spectrally-filtered optical solitons," Opt. Lett. 22, 1232-1234 (1997). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. S. Spaelter, M. Boehm, M. Burk, B. Mikulla, R. Fluck, I. D. Jung, G. Zhang, U. Keller, A. Sizmann, G. Leuchs, "Self-starting soliton modelocked femtosecond Cr(4+):YAG laser using an antiresonant Fabry-Perot saturable absorber," Appl. Phys. B 65, 335-338 (1997). [CrossRef]
  13. G. P. Agrawal, in Nonlinear fiber optics, (Academic Press, San Diego, 1995).
  14. R. H. Stolen and E. P. Ippen, "Raman gain in glass optical waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 22, 276-278 (1973). [CrossRef]
  15. F. M. Mitschke and L.F. Mollenauer, "Discovery of the soliton self-frequency shift," Opt. Lett. 11, 659-661 (1986). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

Figures

Fig. 1. Fig. 2. Fig. 3.
 
Fig. 4.
 

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited