OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 20, Iss. 1 — Jan. 2, 2012
  • pp: 101–110

Four-wave mixing analysis of quantum dot semiconductor lasers for linewidth enhancement factor extraction

Chih-Hao Lin, Hung-Hsin Lin, and Fan-Yi Lin  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 20, Issue 1, pp. 101-110 (2012)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.20.000101


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (786 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

We apply a four-wave mixing analysis on a quantum dot laser to simultaneously obtain the linewidth enhancement factor α and other intrinsic laser parameters. By fitting the experimentally obtained regenerative signals and power spectra at different detuning frequencies with the respective curves analytically calculated from the rate equations, parameters including the linewidth enhancement factor, the carrier decay rate in the dots, the differential gain, and the photon decay rate can be determined all at once under the same operating conditions. In this paper, a theoretical model for the four-wave mixing analysis of the QD lasers is derived and verified. The sensitivity and accuracy of the parameter extraction using the four-wave mixing method are presented. Moreover, how each each parameters alter the shapes of the regenerative signals and the power spectra are also discussed.

© 2011 OSA

OCIS Codes
(140.5960) Lasers and laser optics : Semiconductor lasers
(190.4380) Nonlinear optics : Nonlinear optics, four-wave mixing
(230.5590) Optical devices : Quantum-well, -wire and -dot devices
(290.3700) Scattering : Linewidth

ToC Category:
Nonlinear Optics

History
Original Manuscript: October 24, 2011
Revised Manuscript: November 23, 2011
Manuscript Accepted: November 23, 2011
Published: December 19, 2011

Citation
Chih-Hao Lin, Hung-Hsin Lin, and Fan-Yi Lin, "Four-wave mixing analysis of quantum dot semiconductor lasers for linewidth enhancement factor extraction," Opt. Express 20, 101-110 (2012)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-20-1-101


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. F. Y. Lin, S. Y. Tu, C. C. Huang, and S. M. Chang, “Nonlinear dynamics of semiconductor lasers under repetitive optical pulse injection,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 604–611 (2009). [CrossRef]
  2. D. Goulding, S. P. Hegarty, O. Rasskazov, S. Melnik, M. Hartnett, G. Greene, J. G. McInerney, D. Rachinskii, and G. Huyet, “Excitability in a quantum dot semiconductor laser with optical injection,” Phys. Rev. Lett.98, 153903 (2007). [CrossRef]
  3. Y. S. Juan and F. Y. Lin, “Photonic generation of broadly tunable microwave signals utilizing a dual-beam optically injected semiconductor laser,” IEEE Photon. J.3, 644–650 (2011). [CrossRef]
  4. Y. S. Juan and F. Y. Lin, “Demonstration of ultra-wideband (UWB) over fiber based on optical pulse-injected semiconductor laser,” Opt. Express18, 9664–9670 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. Y. S. Juan and F. Y. Lin, “Microwave-frequency-comb generation utilizing a semiconductor laser subject to optical pulse injection from an optoelectronic feedback laser,” Opt. Lett.34, 1636–1638 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. S. K. Hwang and J. M. Liu, “Dynamical characteristics of an optically injected semiconductor laser,” Opt. Commun.183, 195–205 (2000). [CrossRef]
  7. T. C. Newell, D. J. Bossert, A. Stintz, B. Fuchs, K. J. Malloy, and L. F. Lester, “Gain and linewidth enhancement factor in InAs quantum-dot laser diodes,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.11, 1527–1529 (1999). [CrossRef]
  8. S. Gerhard, C. Schilling, F. Gerschutz, M. Fischer, J. Koeth, I. Krestnikov, A. Kovsh, M. Kamp, S. Hofling, and A. Forchel, “Frequency-dependent linewidth enhancement factor of quantum-dot lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.20, 1736–1738 (2008). [CrossRef]
  9. J. G. Provost and F. Grillot, “Measuring the chirp and the linewidth enhancement factor of optoelectronic devices with a Mach-Zehnder interferometer,” IEEE Photon. J.3, 476–488 (2011). [CrossRef]
  10. T. Fordell and A. M. Lindberg, “Experiments on the linewidth-enhancement factor of a vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.43, 6–15 (2007). [CrossRef]
  11. K. Iiyama, K. Hayashi, and Y. Ida, “Simple method for measuring the linewidth enhancement factor of semiconductor lasers by optical injection locking,” Opt. Lett.17, 1128–1130 (1992). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. R. Hui, A. Mecozzi, A. D’ottavi, and P. Spano, “Novel measurement technique of alpha factor in DFB semiconductor lasers by injection locking,” Electron. Lett.26, 997–998 (1990). [CrossRef]
  13. I. Petitbon, P. Gallion, G. Debarge, and C. Chabran, “Locking bandwidth and relaxation oscillations of an injection-locked semiconductor laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.24, 148–154 (1988). [CrossRef]
  14. J. M. Liu and T. B. Simpson, “Four-wave mixing and optical modulation in a semiconductor laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.30, 957–965 (1994). [CrossRef]
  15. D. O’Brien, S. P. Hegarty, G. Huyet, and A. V. Uskov, “Sensitivity of quantum-dot semiconductor lasers to optical feedback,” Opt. Lett.29, 1072–1074 (2004). [CrossRef]
  16. T. Erneux, E. A. Viktorov, B. Kelleher, D. Goulding, S. P. Hegarty, and G. Huyet, “Optically injected quantum-dot lasers,” Opt. Lett.35, 937–939 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. M. Sugawara, N. Hatori, H. Ebe, M. Ishida, Y. Arakawa, T. Akiyama, K. Otsubo, and Y. Nakata, “Modeling room-temperature lasing spectra of 1.3-μm self-assembled InAs/GaAs quantum-dot lasers: homogeneous broadening of optical gain under current injection,” J. Appl. Phys.97, 043523 (2005). [CrossRef]
  18. M. Gioannini, A. Sevega, and I. Montrosset, “Simulations of differential gain and linewidth enhancement factor of quantum dot semiconductor lasers,” Opt. Quantum Electron.38, 381–394 (2006). [CrossRef]
  19. S. Melnik, G. Huyet, and A. Uskov, “The linewidth enhancement factor α of quantum dot semiconductor lasers,” Opt. Express14, 2950–2955 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. B. Dagens, A. Markus, J. X. Chen, J. G. Provost, D. Make, O. L. Gouezigou, J. Landreau, A. Fiore, and B. Thedrez, “Giant linewidth enhancement factor and purely frequency modulated emission from quantum dot laser,” Electron. Lett.41, 323–324 (2005). [CrossRef]
  21. G. Giuliani, “The linewidth enhancement factor of semiconductor lasers: usefulness, limitations, and measurements,” in “23rd Annual Meeting of the IEEE Photonics Society, 2010,” 423–424 (2010).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

Figures

Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 3
 
Fig. 4
 

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited