OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 20, Iss. 10 — May. 7, 2012
  • pp: 10572–10582

Impact of amplified spontaneous emission on Brillouin scattering of a single-frequency signal

Malte Karow, Jörg Neumann, Dietmar Kracht, and Peter Weßels  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 20, Issue 10, pp. 10572-10582 (2012)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1268 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



We experimentally investigated the influence of amplified spontaneous emission within the Brillouin gain bandwidth on the Brillouin scattering of a single-frequency signal. The experiments were performed for the case of artificial ASE injected in backward direction into a passive fiber, as well as in forward direction of a low-power fiber amplifier. A significant influence could be observed, when the ASE was counter-propagating to the signal. Injecting 160.6 nW of ASE within the Brillouin gain bandwidth led to a decrease of about 3 dB of the SBS-threshold of an approximately 335 m long passive fiber from about 80 mW to less than 40 mW. At a fixed signal power of 81 mW the backscattered power and the power in the Brillouin scattered Stokes maximum increased by a factor of 19.

© 2012 OSA

OCIS Codes
(060.2320) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics amplifiers and oscillators
(290.5830) Scattering : Scattering, Brillouin

ToC Category:
Fiber Optics and Optical Communications

Original Manuscript: March 16, 2012
Revised Manuscript: April 17, 2012
Manuscript Accepted: April 18, 2012
Published: April 23, 2012

Malte Karow, Jörg Neumann, Dietmar Kracht, and Peter Weßels, "Impact of amplified spontaneous emission on Brillouin scattering of a single-frequency signal," Opt. Express 20, 10572-10582 (2012)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. N. Shibata, Y. Azuma, T. Horiguchi, and M. Tateda, “Identification of longitudinal acoustic modes guided in the core region of a single-mode optical fiber by Brillouin gain spectra measurements,” Opt. Lett.13, 595–597 (1988). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. K. Shiraki, M. Ohashi, and M. Tateda, “SBS Threshold of a fiber with a Brillouin frequency shift distribution,” J. Lightwave Technol.14, 50–57 (1996). [CrossRef]
  3. A. Boh Ruffin, M.-J. Li, A. Kobyakov, and F. Annunziata, “Brillouin gain analysis for fibers with different refractive indices,” Opt. Lett.30, 3123–3125 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. N. Shibata, R. G. Waarts, and R. P. Braun, “Brillouin-gain spectra for single-mode fibers having pure-silica, GeO2, and P2O5-doped cores,” Opt. Lett.12, 269–271 (1987). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. T. Horiguchi, T. Kurashima, and M. Tateda, “Tensile strain dependence of Brillouin frequency shift in silica optical fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.1, 107–108 (1989). [CrossRef]
  6. T. Kurashima, T. Horiguchi, and M. Tateda, “Thermal effects of Brillouin gain spectra in single-mode fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.2, 718–720 (1990). [CrossRef]
  7. D. Machewirth, V. Khitrov, U. Manyam, K. Tankala, A. Carter, J. Abramczyk, J. Farroni, D. Guertin, and N. Jacobson, “Large-mode-area double-clad fibers for pulsed and CW lasers and amplifiers,” Proc. SPIE5335, 140–150 (2004). [CrossRef]
  8. G. Canat, A. Durécu, Y. Jaouën, S. Bordais, and R. Lebref, “Fiber composition influence on spontaneous Brillouin scattering properties in double-clad fiber amplifiers,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper CTuQ4.
  9. Y. Jeong, J. Nilsson, J. K. Sahu, D. N. Payne, L. M. B. Hickey, and P. W. Turner, “Power scaling of single-frequency ytterbium-doped master-oscillator power amplifier sources up to 500 W,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.13, 546–551 (2007). [CrossRef]
  10. C. Zhu, I. Hu, X. Ma, and A. Galvanauskas, “Single-frequency and single-transverse-mode Yb-doped CCC fiber MOPA with robust polarization SBS-free 511 W output,” in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper AMC5.
  11. C. Robin and I. Dajani, “Acoustically segmented photonic crystal fiber for single-frequency high-power laser applications,” Opt. Lett.36, 2641–2643 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. C. Robin, I. Dajani, C. Zeringue, B. Ward, and A. Lanari, “Gain-tailored SBS suppressing photonic crystal fibers for high power applications,” Proc. SPIE8237, 82371D (2012). [CrossRef]
  13. C. N. Pannell, P. St. Russell, and T. P. Newson, “Stimulated Brillouin scattering in optical fibers: the effects of optical amplification,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B10, 684–690 (1993). [CrossRef]
  14. M. Hildebrandt, S. Büsche, P. Weßels, M. Frede, and D. Kracht, “Brillouin scattering spectra in high-power single-frequency ytterbium doped fiber amplifiers,” Opt. Express20, 15970–15979 (2008). [CrossRef]
  15. G. Liu and D. Liu, “Numerical analysis of stimulated Brillouin scattering in high-power double-clad fiber lasers,” Optik120, 24–28 (2009). [CrossRef]
  16. A. Kobyakov, M. Sauer, and D. Chowdhury, “Stimulated Brillouin scattering in optical fibers,” Adv. Opt. Photon.2, 1–59 (2010). [CrossRef]
  17. M. Niklès, L. Thévenaz, and P. A. Robert, “Brillouin gain spectrum characterization in single-mode optical fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol.15, 1842–1851 (1997). [CrossRef]
  18. A. Tegtmeier Pedersen, L. Grüner-Nielsen, and K. Rottwitt, “Measurement and modeling of low-wavelength losses in silica fibers and their impact at communication wavelength,” J. Lightwave Technol.27, 1296–1300 (2009). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited