OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 20, Iss. 10 — May. 7, 2012
  • pp: 10583–10590

Focusing and scanning light through a multimode optical fiber using digital phase conjugation

Ioannis N. Papadopoulos, Salma Farahi, Christophe Moser, and Demetri Psaltis  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 20, Issue 10, pp. 10583-10590 (2012)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.20.010583


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1321 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

We demonstrate for the first time to our knowledge a digital phase conjugation technique for generating a sharp focus point at the end of a multimode optical fiber. A sharp focus with a contrast of 1800 is experimentally obtained at the tip of a 105μm core multimode fiber. Scanning of the focal point is also demonstrated by digital means. Effects from illumination and fiber bending are addressed.

© 2012 OSA

OCIS Codes
(060.2310) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics
(070.5040) Fourier optics and signal processing : Phase conjugation
(090.1000) Holography : Aberration compensation
(110.7050) Imaging systems : Turbid media
(090.1995) Holography : Digital holography

ToC Category:
Imaging Systems

History
Original Manuscript: March 29, 2012
Revised Manuscript: April 18, 2012
Manuscript Accepted: April 19, 2012
Published: April 23, 2012

Virtual Issues
Vol. 7, Iss. 7 Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics

Citation
Ioannis N. Papadopoulos, Salma Farahi, Christophe Moser, and Demetri Psaltis, "Focusing and scanning light through a multimode optical fiber using digital phase conjugation," Opt. Express 20, 10583-10590 (2012)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-20-10-10583


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. F. Helmchen and W. Denk, “Deep tissue two-photon microscopy,” Nat. Methods2(12), 932–940 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. E. N. Leith and J. Upatnieks, “Holographic imagery through diffusing media,” J. Opt. Soc. Am.56(4), 523 (1966). [CrossRef]
  3. H. Kogelnik and K. S. Pennington, “Holographic imaging through a random medium,” J. Opt. Soc. Am.58(2), 273–274 (1968). [CrossRef]
  4. M. Cronin-Golomb, B. Fischer, J. White, and A. Yariv, “Theory and applications of four-wave mixing in photorefractive media,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.20(1), 12–30 (1984). [CrossRef]
  5. Z. Yaqoob, D. Psaltis, M. S. Feld, and C. Yang, “Optical phase conjugation for turbidity suppression in biological samples,” Nat. Photonics2(2), 110–115 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. C. Bellanger, A. Brignon, J. Colineau, and J. P. Huignard, “Coherent fiber combining by digital holography,” Opt. Lett.33(24), 2937–2939 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. C.-L. Hsieh, Y. Pu, R. Grange, and D. Psaltis, “Digital phase conjugation of second harmonic radiation emitted by nanoparticles in turbid media,” Opt. Express18(12), 12283–12290 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. M. Cui and C. Yang, “Implementation of a digital optical phase conjugation system and its application to study the robustness of turbidity suppression by phase conjugation,” Opt. Express18(4), 3444–3455 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. I. M. Vellekoop and A. P. Mosk, “Universal optimal transmission of light through disordered materials,” Phys. Rev. Lett.101(12), 120601 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. I. M. Vellekoop, A. Lagendijk, and A. P. Mosk, “Exploiting disorder for perfect focusing,” Nat. Photonics4(5), 320–322 (2010). [CrossRef]
  11. S. M. Popoff, G. Lerosey, R. Carminati, M. Fink, A. C. Boccara, and S. Gigan, “Measuring the transmission matrix in optics: an approach to the study and control of light propagation in disordered media,” Phys. Rev. Lett.104(10), 100601 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. M. T. Myaing, D. J. MacDonald, and X. Li, “Fiber-optic scanning two-photon fluorescence endoscope,” Opt. Lett.31(8), 1076–1078 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. D. Bird and M. Gu, “Two-photon fluorescence endoscopy with a micro-optic scanning head,” Opt. Lett.28(17), 1552–1554 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. B. A. Flusberg, E. D. Cocker, W. Piyawattanametha, J. C. Jung, E. L. Cheung, and M. J. Schnitzer, “Fiber-optic fluorescence imaging,” Nat. Methods2(12), 941–950 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. A. Yariv, “Three-dimensional pictorial transmission in optical fibers,” Appl. Phys. Lett.28(2), 88–89 (1976). [CrossRef]
  16. B. Fischer and S. Sternklar, “Image transmission and interferometry with multimode fibers using self-pumped phase conjugation,” Appl. Phys. Lett.46(2), 113–114 (1985). [CrossRef]
  17. T. Ogasawara, M. Ohno, K. Karaki, K. Nishizawa, and A. Akiba, “Image transmission with a pair of graded-index optical fibers and a BaTiO3 phase-conjugate mirror,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B13(10), 2193–2196 (1996). [CrossRef]
  18. I. McMichael, P. Yeh, and P. Beckwith, “Correction of polarization and modal scrambling in multimode fibers by phase conjugation,” Opt. Lett.12(7), 507–509 (1987). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. L. Lombard, A. Brignon, J. P. Huignard, E. Lallier, and P. Georges, “Beam cleanup in a self-aligned gradient-index Brillouin cavity for high-power multimode fiber amplifiers,” Opt. Lett.31(2), 158–160 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. R. Di Leonardo and S. Bianchi, “Hologram transmission through multi-mode optical fibers,” Opt. Express19(1), 247–254 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. S. Bianchi and R. Di Leonardo, “A multi-mode fiber probe for holographic micromanipulation and microscopy,” Lab Chip12(3), 635–639 (2012). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. T. Čižmár and K. Dholakia, “Shaping the light transmission through a multimode optical fibre: complex transformation analysis and applications in biophotonics,” Opt. Express19(20), 18871–18884 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. D. B. Conkey, A. M. Caravaca-Aguirre, and R. Piestun, “High-speed scattering medium characterization with application to focusing light through turbid media,” Opt. Express20(2), 1733–1740 (2012). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. M. Paurisse, M. Hanna, F. Druon, P. Georges, C. Bellanger, A. Brignon, and J. P. Huignard, “Phase and amplitude control of a multimode LMA fiber beam by use of digital holography,” Opt. Express17(15), 13000–13008 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  25. G. S. Agarwal, A. T. Friberg, and E. Wolf, “Scattering theory of distortion correction by phase conjugation,” J. Opt. Soc. Am.73(5), 529–537 (1983). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

Figures

Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 3
 
Fig. 4 Fig. 5
 

Supplementary Material


» Media 1: MOV (20 KB)     

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited