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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 20, Iss. 10 — May. 7, 2012
  • pp: 11407–11422

Origin of thermal modal instabilities in large mode area fiber amplifiers

B. Ward, C. Robin, and I. Dajani  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 20, Issue 10, pp. 11407-11422 (2012)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.20.011407


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Abstract

We present a dynamic model of thermal modal instability in large mode area fiber amplifiers. This model allows the pump and signal optical intensity distributions to apply a time-varying heat load distribution within the fiber. This influences the temperature distribution that modifies the optical distributions through the thermo-optic effect thus creating a feedback loop that gives rise to time-dependent modal instability. We describe different regimes of operation for a representative fiber design. We find qualitative agreement between simulation results and experimental results obtained with a different fiber including the time-dependent behavior of the instability and the effects of different cooling configurations on the threshold. We describe the physical processes responsible for the onset of the instability and suggest possible mitigation approaches.

© 2012 OSA

OCIS Codes
(140.3510) Lasers and laser optics : Lasers, fiber
(140.4480) Lasers and laser optics : Optical amplifiers
(140.6810) Lasers and laser optics : Thermal effects
(190.4370) Nonlinear optics : Nonlinear optics, fibers
(060.5295) Fiber optics and optical communications : Photonic crystal fibers

ToC Category:
Lasers and Laser Optics

History
Original Manuscript: March 19, 2012
Revised Manuscript: April 26, 2012
Manuscript Accepted: April 26, 2012
Published: May 3, 2012

Virtual Issues
June 11, 2012 Spotlight on Optics

Citation
B. Ward, C. Robin, and I. Dajani, "Origin of thermal modal instabilities in large mode area fiber amplifiers," Opt. Express 20, 11407-11422 (2012)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-20-10-11407


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References

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