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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 20, Iss. 11 — May. 21, 2012
  • pp: 11855–11862

Selective and reversible ammonia gas detection with nanoporous film functionalized silicon photonic micro-ring resonator

Nebiyu A. Yebo, Sreeprasanth Pulinthanathu Sree, Elisabeth Levrau, Christophe Detavernier, Zeger Hens, Johan A. Martens, and Roel Baets  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 20, Issue 11, pp. 11855-11862 (2012)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.20.011855


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Abstract

Portable, low cost and real-time gas sensors have a considerable potential in various biomedical and industrial applications. For such applications, nano-photonic gas sensors based on standard silicon fabrication technology offer attractive opportunities. Deposition of high surface area nano-porous coatings on silicon photonic sensors is a means to achieve selective, highly sensitive and multiplexed gas detection on an optical chip. Here we demonstrate selective and reversible ammonia gas detection with functionalized silicon-on-insulator optical micro-ring resonators. The micro-ring resonators are coated with acidic nano-porous aluminosilicate films for specific ammonia sensing, which results in a reversible response to NH3 with selectivity relative to CO2. The ammonia detection limit is estimated at about 5 ppm. The detectors reach a steady response to NH3 within 30 and return to their base level within 60 to 90 seconds. The work opens perspectives on development of nano-photonic sensors for real-time, non-invasive, low cost and light weight biomedical and industrial sensing applications.

© 2012 OSA

OCIS Codes
(130.6010) Integrated optics : Sensors
(280.4788) Remote sensing and sensors : Optical sensing and sensors

ToC Category:
Sensors

History
Original Manuscript: March 5, 2012
Revised Manuscript: April 26, 2012
Manuscript Accepted: April 30, 2012
Published: May 10, 2012

Citation
Nebiyu A. Yebo, Sreeprasanth Pulinthanathu Sree, Elisabeth Levrau, Christophe Detavernier, Zeger Hens, Johan A. Martens, and Roel Baets, "Selective and reversible ammonia gas detection with nanoporous film functionalized silicon photonic micro-ring resonator," Opt. Express 20, 11855-11862 (2012)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-20-11-11855


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