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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 20, Iss. 11 — May. 21, 2012
  • pp: 12407–12415

Enhanced chemiluminescent detection scheme for trace vapor sensing in pneumatically-tuned hollow core photonic bandgap fibers

Alexander M. Stolyarov, Alexander Gumennik, William McDaniel, Ofer Shapira, Brent Schell, Fabien Sorin, Ken Kuriki, Gilles Benoit, Aimee Rose, John D. Joannopoulos, and Yoel Fink  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 20, Issue 11, pp. 12407-12415 (2012)

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We demonstrate an in-fiber gas phase chemical detection architecture in which a chemiluminescent (CL) reaction is spatially and spectrally matched to the core modes of hollow photonic bandgap (PBG) fibers in order to enhance detection efficiency. A peroxide-sensitive CL material is annularly shaped and centered within the fiber’s hollow core, thereby increasing the overlap between the emission intensity and the intensity distribution of the low-loss fiber modes. This configuration improves the sensitivity by 0.9 dB/cm compared to coating the material directly on the inner fiber surface, where coupling to both higher loss core modes and cladding modes is enhanced. By integrating the former configuration with a custom-built optofluidic system designed for concomitant controlled vapor delivery and emission measurement, we achieve a limit-of-detection of 100 parts per billion (ppb) for hydrogen peroxide vapor. The PBG fibers are produced by a new fabrication method whereby external gas pressure is used as a control knob to actively tune the transmission bandgaps through the entire visible range during the thermal drawing process.

© 2012 OSA

OCIS Codes
(060.2270) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber characterization
(060.2280) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber design and fabrication
(060.2370) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics sensors
(170.6280) Medical optics and biotechnology : Spectroscopy, fluorescence and luminescence
(280.4788) Remote sensing and sensors : Optical sensing and sensors

ToC Category:

Original Manuscript: April 16, 2012
Revised Manuscript: May 1, 2012
Manuscript Accepted: May 1, 2012
Published: May 16, 2012

Alexander M. Stolyarov, Alexander Gumennik, William McDaniel, Ofer Shapira, Brent Schell, Fabien Sorin, Ken Kuriki, Gilles Benoit, Aimee Rose, John D. Joannopoulos, and Yoel Fink, "Enhanced chemiluminescent detection scheme for trace vapor sensing in pneumatically-tuned hollow core photonic bandgap fibers," Opt. Express 20, 12407-12415 (2012)

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