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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 20, Iss. 12 — Jun. 4, 2012
  • pp: 12997–13005

Control of ultrafast laser-induced bulk nanogratings in fused silica via pulse time envelopes

C. Mauclair, M. Zamfirescu, J. P. Colombier, G. Cheng, K. Mishchik, E. Audouard, and R. Stoian  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 20, Issue 12, pp. 12997-13005 (2012)

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Employing a method of in-situ control we propose an approach for the optimization of self-arranged nanogratings in bulk fused silica under the action of ultrashort laser pulses with programmable time envelopes. A parametric study of the influence of the pulse duration and temporal form asymmetries is given. Using the diffraction properties of the laser-triggered subwavelength patterns we monitor and regulate the period and the quality of the periodic nanoscale arrangement via the effective nonlinear excitation dose. Periodicity tuning on tens of nanometers can be achieved by pulse temporal variations, with a minimum around 0.7 ps at the chosen powers. Equally, strong sensitivity to pulse asymmetries is observed. The driving factor is related to increasing carrier densities due to nonlinear confinement and the development of extended nanoroughness domains upon multiple exposure, creating a pulse-dependent effective accumulation dose via a morpho-dimensional effect. The result may impact the associated optical functions.

© 2012 OSA

OCIS Codes
(140.3390) Lasers and laser optics : Laser materials processing
(140.3440) Lasers and laser optics : Laser-induced breakdown
(160.6030) Materials : Silica
(320.2250) Ultrafast optics : Femtosecond phenomena
(220.4241) Optical design and fabrication : Nanostructure fabrication
(050.6624) Diffraction and gratings : Subwavelength structures

ToC Category:
Laser Microfabrication

Original Manuscript: March 7, 2012
Revised Manuscript: May 3, 2012
Manuscript Accepted: May 4, 2012
Published: May 24, 2012

C. Mauclair, M. Zamfirescu, J. P. Colombier, G. Cheng, K. Mishchik, E. Audouard, and R. Stoian, "Control of ultrafast laser-induced bulk nanogratings in fused silica via pulse time envelopes," Opt. Express 20, 12997-13005 (2012)

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