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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 20, Iss. 12 — Jun. 4, 2012
  • pp: 13262–13273

Performance of a three dimensional transformation-optical-flattened Lüneburg lens

Tom Driscoll, Guy Lipworth, Jack Hunt, Nathan Landy, Nathan Kundtz, Dimitri N. Basov, and David R. Smith  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 20, Issue 12, pp. 13262-13273 (2012)

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We demonstrate both the beam-forming and imaging capabilities of an X-band (8–12 GHz) operational Lüneburg lens, one side of which has been flattened via a coordinate transformation optimized using quasi-conformal transformation optics (QCTO) procedures. Our experimental investigation includes benchmark performance comparisons between the QCTO Lüneburg lens and a commensurate conventional Lüneburg lens. The QCTO Lüneburg lens is made from a metamaterial comprised of inexpensive plastic and fiberglass, and manufactured using fast and versatile numerically controlled water-jet machining. Looking forward towards the future and advanced TO designs, we discuss inevitable design trade-offs between affordable scalable manufacturing and rigorous adherence to the full TO solution, as well as possible paths to mitigate performance degradation in realizable designs.

© 2012 OSA

OCIS Codes
(110.2760) Imaging systems : Gradient-index lenses
(220.0220) Optical design and fabrication : Optical design and fabrication
(160.3918) Materials : Metamaterials

ToC Category:

Original Manuscript: March 23, 2012
Revised Manuscript: May 15, 2012
Manuscript Accepted: May 16, 2012
Published: May 29, 2012

Tom Driscoll, Guy Lipworth, Jack Hunt, Nathan Landy, Nathan Kundtz, Dimitri N. Basov, and David R. Smith, "Performance of a three dimensional transformation-optical-flattened Lüneburg lens," Opt. Express 20, 13262-13273 (2012)

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