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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 20, Iss. 13 — Jun. 18, 2012
  • pp: 13612–13621

MNOS stack for reliable, low optical loss, Cu based CMOS plasmonic devices

Alexandros Emboras, Adel Najar, Siddharth Nambiar, Philippe Grosse, Emmanuel Augendre, Charles Leroux, Barbara de Salvo, and Roch Espiau de Lamaestre  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 20, Issue 13, pp. 13612-13621 (2012)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.20.013612


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Abstract

We study the electro optical properties of a Metal-Nitride-Oxide-Silicon (MNOS) stack for a use in CMOS compatible plasmonic active devices. We show that the insertion of an ultrathin stoichiometric Si3N4 layer in a MOS stack lead to an increase in the electrical reliability of a copper gate MNOS capacitance from 50 to 95% thanks to a diffusion barrier effect, while preserving the low optical losses brought by the use of copper as the plasmon supporting metal. An experimental investigation is undertaken at a wafer scale using some CMOS standard processes of the LETI foundry. Optical transmission measurments conducted in a MNOS channel waveguide configuration coupled to standard silicon photonics circuitry confirms the very low optical losses (0.39 dB.μm−1), in good agreement with predictions using ellipsometric optical constants of Cu.

© 2012 OSA

OCIS Codes
(230.7370) Optical devices : Waveguides
(240.6680) Optics at surfaces : Surface plasmons
(250.5403) Optoelectronics : Plasmonics

ToC Category:
Optics at Surfaces

History
Original Manuscript: February 24, 2012
Manuscript Accepted: April 2, 2012
Published: June 4, 2012

Citation
Alexandros Emboras, Adel Najar, Siddharth Nambiar, Philippe Grosse, Emmanuel Augendre, Charles Leroux, Barbara de Salvo, and Roch Espiau de Lamaestre, "MNOS stack for reliable, low optical loss, Cu based CMOS plasmonic devices," Opt. Express 20, 13612-13621 (2012)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-20-13-13612


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